Glass waste is abundant in landfill sites, pubs, beer companies and homes. Turning them into reusable products such as cullet and packaging is economically viable.
Reusable glass packaging effectively reduces carbon emissions and helps the environment. And is a good income generator for small businesses.
There are two ways to approach this business owing a recycling plant or using an established plant.
Waste Plant Permit
There are three types of permits applicable to recycling companies. We have the recycle waste permit, inert waste permit and general permit. Permits pertaining to vehicular registration require the vehicle details.
Recycling waste permit allows unlimited use of recycling centers for newspaper recycling, glass bottles, jars, plastic bottles and green waste. Other waste applicable to the permit includes batteries, cans, carrier bags, cloths and textile.
General waste permit focuses on hard plastics, computers, wood and scrap metal. Other items are domestic appliances, furniture and asbestos.
Inert waste permit is applicable to bricks, ceramics, blocks, tarmac, slates and pipes. Others are turf, stones, soil, rubble and rubble.
Recycled Glass Products
The process of recycling glass goes through cleaning then sterilization. It is then dried, sorted based on color and reduced to size.
The finally product are various sizes of class such as pebble sized, sand or powder. Cullet glass is derivative of the recycling process.
Uses of cullet include abrasives, flux, binder in ceramic, and fiberglass making. Other uses are soil amendment, filtration medium in swimming pools and fillet in paint.
More products are flux in metal foundry, fractionator in ammunition and matches including hydroponic roofing medium.
- Filtration material
- Binder in ceramic
- Soil amendment
- Fillet in paint
- Hydroponic roof medium
- Fractionator in matches
- Fiberglass making
- Solid surfaces
Glass Recycling Equipment
Common equipment used to process glass is the glass cleaner and glass breaker screen.
Glass Breaker Screen
Features to look out for in a breaker screen include cast chromium elliptical discs, low maintenance and maximized glass breakage without crushing. Other features are Non-wear discs, PET, good glass capture rate and reduced contaminants in steel end products, aluminum, plastic and fibers.
The equipment should have a heavy duty steel frame, carbon fiber timing belt drives to improved marketability of your end products. Industrial glass breakers simplify glass processing, decreases blockages and downtime.
There are a few things to consider before buying a glass cleaning unit. The cleaner should have urethane liners for extended life and durability.
It should have an adjustable vacuum system which aids effective separation. The machines should be low maintenance, rugged, reduces contaminates and maximizes product quality.
The glass cleaner should process light material, provide efficient separation and process 5TPH of broken glass. Make sure the equipment is automated has a vacuum system and handles fibers and light debris.
Types of Glass Bottle
- MRF glass
- Mixed bottles
- Green bottles
- Clear bottles
- Brown bottles
Recycle Glass Prices
The purity of the glass reflects on the price. Clear glass has higher prices than brown or green glass.
Therefore glass recycling plants invest heavily on sorting technology to get glass clear of contaminants. The increased application of cullet has opened new markets for container glass.
Although prices fluctuate a standard price for brown glass is about $20. Clear glass attracts about $30 while green glass $16 and mixed glass $18 per ton.
Glass Recycle Business Startup
Write a business plan and carry out a feasibility study. Source finds through bank loans or partnership arrangement.
Secure recycle permits, get insurance and incorporate the business. Purchase only essential equipment and hire experienced staff. Find viable sources for used bottles and establish a collection center.