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How to Start Granite Tiles Production Company

The real estate sector is a gold mine for building material investors. Fitting account for 60% of capital invested in an architectural project. Granite is one of such materials that is highly sort in the building industry.
To start the business you need adequate funding, qualified staff, and operational license. Others are trade knowledge including good source of raw materials.
How to Start Granite Tile Manufacturing Business
Write a Business Plan
Write a granite tile business plan and carry out a feasibility study. The plan should focus on sourcing raw materials, equipment and labor. Find the ideal location, company incorporation, including number of staff.
Study your Competitors
To compete with established brands you need to study your competition. Learn their prices, products, and marketing techniques.
Learn the Trade
If you want to manufacture granite tiles you need to learn the trade. Learn through practical experience, vocational training or apprentice program. Read books, try internship, use online resources.
  • practical experience
  • vocational training
  • apprentice program
  • read books
  • internship
  • online resources
Fund the enterprise through bank loans. Seek long term loans with low interest rates. To get a loan you need to open an account in the bank. The bankers will study your credit ratings and request a deposit of 25% percent of the loan.
Incorporate the Business
Incorporate the business at the corporate affairs commission as Limited Liability Company. Then get tax identification number, liability insurance.
The location should accommodate heavy loads and storage facility. Make sure it is located close to source of raw material to reduce transportation costs. Locate the business in a commercial area far from residential homes.
Hire qualified Staff
The production process requires some technical knowledge. Therefore hire experienced staff with knowledge of the manufacturing process. Other staffs are drivers, accountant, secretary and manager.
Sourcing Raw Materials
There are many quarries to source granite material. However the prices differ slightly based on different factors. Conduct a thorough search for best deals in your locality. You should also consider transportation costs and the quality of the material
There are many granite tiles manufacturers in Nigeria. However the quality of the product and branding differentiates them. The craftsmanship of the final product adds to the value and price of the tiles.
Reach your customers through advertisement publications in newspapers or construction magazines. Use television advertisement, social media and web ads.
Build a Website
Build a website to highlight your products and services. Add images of the product, description plus telephone number. You can build the website yourself or hire  web designer.

Start a Night Club Business

Although the night club business is very lucrative it is also high risk. The night life attracts different elements, people and lifestyle. You accommodate unsavory characters and the police authority.
The business has a very short lifespan and most clubs go out of business within five years. This is because of new trends and the need for patrons to experience new things.  
The business caters to young adults, tourists and professional in different fields. To establish a club you need huge capital, security and popular location. Others are good management team, marketing and reliable staff.
The business is tough and not for the fainthearted. If you thing you have what it takes here are a few suggestions.
How to Start a Night Club Business
Why Start a Night Club
In Africa there is huge migration to urban cities because of unemployment. There is also the lack of job opportunities in the villages.
Nigeria has a large population of young adults accounting for over 50% of the population. This demography is the labor force of the economy and financially buoyant.
They also need recreational fun activities to unwind after a hard days work. This is where the night club comes into the picture.  Successful night clubs are veritable money making machine.
  • Make lots of money
  • large population of young adults
  • recreational fun activities
You need a Clear Business Concept
To run a night club you need a clear business concept. All clubs a conceptualized in certain ways. They focus on type of clientele, services, dress code and prices. The location could determine the type of club and clientele.
Business Concept
  • Theme
  • type of clientele
  • services
  • dress code
  • prices
  • location
How Night Clubs Make Money
 Night club makes money form admission fees, membership fees and exclusivity fees. They earn from selling hard liquor like Champaign, wine and beer. They also organize special shows events and some have paid chalets.
What you need to start a Night Club
Write Business Plan
Get an expert to write a night club business plan. This is important because of the different aspects of the business. Make sure the plan covers every angle from financing, management, supplies, location and staffing.
  • Financing
  • Management
  • Supplies
  • Location
  • staffing
The location
The location could make or break the club. It should be in a popular area with lots of human traffic.
The location could be high-end, middle class or local population. The location invariable determines the clientele you want to attract. Bad locations are residential areas, religious establishments or beside a shopping mall.
Stock a verity of Drinks
To run a night club you need to stock different drinks. The more drink choices the higher your profit margin. You can stock both cheap and expensive drinks depending on your business strategy.
Try to stock only popular brands that are trending in your demography. The price of the drinks is determined by your business strategy. Avoid over pricing the drinks to remain competitive.
Provide Entertainment
Club patrons are looking for entertainment. You can hire popular DJs, television personalities or musical artists. Use comedians, live bands and organize performances. You can add games such as snooker, pinball, video games and darts.
Night Club Entertainment
  • Live music
  • Drinks
  • hire popular DJs
  • television personalities
  • musical artists
  • comedians
  • live bands
  • organize performances
  • snooker
  • pinball
  • video games
  • darts
Interior and Exterior Decoration
Night clubs are differentiated by the interior and exterior decorations. The decorations include lighting, mirrors, images and woodwork.
Others include dance hall, seating arrangement and sound system. You need to hire an expert in night club interiors to create the ambiance you want.
Clubbers carve new experiences so regularly update your interior to create different themes. Make sure the layout can accommodate the maximum number of people per square inch.
Hire good Management Team
The management of a night club requires close attention to detail. It also involves good accountability and financial management. The business is capital intensive and you need lots of working capital.
What differentiates most night clubs is the service. Offer your patron’s exceptional service and quality food. You can give free appetizers or added values services.
Safety and Health
There are some safety and health issues in night club business. The safety issues are fire and security related for clubbers.
Hire bouncers, security guards get police protection. Yu need security for the packed vehicles and staff. There are also state guidelines on health and first aid.
Offer Discounts
Offer your customers discounts and promotional prices. This will bring in much needed crowd. You can have 'buy two get one free' or free ladies night.
Promote the Club
Focus your promotions on the type of clientele you need. Use radio and television advertisement to create public awareness. Other ways are through social media channels, posters, banners and billboards. Try to distribute flyers and organize periodical shows.

How to Become an Aerobic Instructor

There are different ways to become an aerobics instructor. You need certification, work experience, training. Other requirements include fitness training, technical workshops, and seminars.
An instructor could teach private, public schools or individual clients. The person could open a fitness studio, work part time or full time.
Opening a fitness studio comes with its own set of challenges such as finance, good location, equipment and licensing. Another way to get into the business is to work for a fitness studio. Here are some ideas on how to become an aerobics instructor.
 Aerobic Instructor
Learn the Trade
To join the industry you need to get formal training. You need higher school diploma or bachelors degree. The courses of study are physical education, fitness training.
Others include kinesiology, exercise science and aerobics. The basic requires to become an instructor is high school diploma. You can take associate degree programs on nutrition, anatomy, physiology.
Other course of study are business management, accounting. Obtaining a bachelors degree in related fields will offer job advancement opportunities. It is essential the individual has good physical fitness and regular exercise practice.
  • higher school diploma
  • bachelors degree
  • associate degree programs
In the United States of America you need certification. Top bodies are the Aerobics and Fitness association and American Council on Exercise. You can also join the International Fitness Professional Association.
Some states, private institutions offer examinations or certifications. There are also fields of study on first aid techniques in case of emergency.
If you wish to open a fitness studio your outfit needs certification. The studio should have safety equipment, insurance cover. The operator should register the business as a limited liability company and have a tax identification number.
Work Experience
It is important to gain work related experience. Secure employment as an instructor in aerobics studio, recreational center or gym. You need good interpersonal skill, basic knowledge of business management and accounting. You can gain experience from seminars, workshops or internship programs.
Things to Consider Before Opening a Studio
To open a studio you need to define a clear picture. Who are your customer’s and what are the cost implications.
First write a studio business plan then carry out a feasibility study. Make sure the plan has an executive summary, future projections and finance information.
Estimate your financial requirements, credit and expected income. Secure funding through personal savings or bank loans.
Other funding sources are through partnership, angel investors or crowdfunding. More considerations are studio demography, operational costs, lease, pre-sales marketing. You need good advertisement plan to attract patronage.
  • write a studio business plan
  • carry out a feasibility study
  • estimate your financial requirements
  • secure funding
  • studio demography
  • lease
  • pre-sales marketing
  • advertisement plan 
  • become dance instructor
To become an aerobic instructor you need formal training and experience. Business owners require additional skill in management and accounting. An instructor could join an established gym or provide private practice.

How to Open a Cinema Hall

The Nigerian movie industry is a huge revenue earner. The average citizen loves both foreign and local productions.
They spend millions of naira each year consuming thousand of films and home videos. An investor can leverage on the popularity to establish a cinema. The business is profitable and moderately competitive.
How to Start a Cinema
There are three ways to start the business. You can buy into an existing on, join a franchise or start from scratch.
Starting from scratch requires huge startup capital for fixed assets. Buying into a cinema could be through private placement, ordinary shares/rights.
The franchise format leverages on an existing brand. The franchisee gets full support from the principle through training and technical support. The benefits of franchising include leveraging on a popular brand and easy access to marketers, producers and distributors.
Write a Business Plan
Write a cinema business plan and carry out a feasibility study. Conduct a survey to understand customer needs and find a good location. The business plan should focus on location, infrastructure, equipment, supply and staffing. You need huge funds to setup a moderate outfit.
The amount of startup depends on many factors. You need money to purchase land, build a structure, install equipment and obtain permits.
You could also rent space in a popular shopping mall and establish a small entertainment center. To get funds approach a commercial or merchant bank for loans.
Make sure the loan is long termed with low interest rate. You could also approach venture capitalists, find a core investor or try franchising.
The location is very important to the success of the enterprise. Find a location in a popular area with heavy human or vehicular traffic. The location would impact on the amount you charge per ticket. Make sure it is easily accessible, attractive and secure.
Learn the Trade
To successfully run a cinema you need job experience. Learn through formal training, workshops and seminars.
Hire an expert in the trade for coaching and recommendations. You can seek employment in a cinema to learn the trade. Other ways are through online courses, books and video tutorials.
  • job experience
  • formal training
  • workshops
  • seminars
  • coaching
  • online courses
  • books
  • video tutorials
Register the Company
To become a limited liability company you need registration. Go to the Corporate Affairs Commission and register the business.
The next step is to apply for get a permit from the Nigerian Film and Video Censors Board. The NFVCB have the statutory duty to regulate the Nigerian movie industry. You need liability insurance cover and tax identification number (TIN).
To show foreign films there are strict provisions to follow. There are also contractual agreements with local movie producers. You need full compliance with copyright provisions on public screening of movies.
  • Register as limited liability company
  • permit from the Nigerian Film and Video Censors Board
  • liability insurance cover
  • tax identification number (TIN)
  • contractual agreements
  • full compliance with copyright laws
Sell Snacks
As an entertainment center, leisure activities are usually accompanied by food. Sell a verity of snacks to your audience.
Setup a snack stand and sell meat pie, popcorn, cakes and sausage. Add an assortment of soft drinks, carbonated water, fruit juice and ice creams.
The snack section only requires a small oven at the back office, high chairs, sales stand and display boxes. The area should encourage temporary lounging between film presentations.
Buy Cinema Equipment
The quality of the equipment is very important. You need state of the art sound system, lightening, projectors and screen. Make sure the screening room is comfortable and secure. Provide adequate entry/exit points including fire safety equipment.
  • sound system
  • lightening
  • projectors
  • screen
  • chairs
Employee Staff
You need staff to operate the key areas of the entertainment center. Common staffs are snack bar attendant, sales, manager, accountant and cleaners.
Others are projector operator, sound supervisor and security guards. Offer your staff periodical retraining for better efficiency.
Network with Distributors and Producers
You need to network with film producers and distributors. Make sure the films you stock are highest quality productions.
There are many top distributor channels for both foreign and local films. Insist on high definition picture and good sound quality. Before you can show any film there are copyright laws and contractual agreements with film producers. 
Pricing and Earnings
The cinema predominantly makes money from snacks and ticket sales. The amount of ticket sales depends on the popularity of the film and audience.
The producers usually earn a predetermined percentage of your ticket sales for the viewing. The percentage is determined based on the number of times the film is shown, number of audience and other parameters. 
Producer can make good money from a popular presentation. What directly impacts on earnings are location, cinema crowd and price of the ticket.
The price of a ticket in Nigeria ranges from N500 to N2000 per film. Supplementary income is made from the sale of popcorn and snacks. Cinema business is highly lucrative and the operator can make millions of naira annually.
To attract patronage you need to have a good marketing strategy. Advertise in local newspapers, entertainment magazines and popular blogs.
Use social media marketing, television advertisement and radio. Print flyers, posters, banners and billboards. Offer regulars, discounts, free tickets and promotional. Feature blockbusters and popular films to attract patronage.
Career choice in the Nigerian movie industry

How to Start a Thermos Flask Manufacturing Business

The function of a vacuum flask is to insulate its content. It maintains the temperature higher or lower than the surrounding temperature. This keeps the content hot or cold for extended duration.
It works by eliminating air from the chamber between the two flasks. The vacuum flask consists of two flasks placed within the other joined at the neck. This is achieved because a layer of vacuum space is created.
It is used to keep hot coffee or cold water, food or beverages. The product has good economic value and attracts premium prices. Although there are many types the market is not saturated.
Therefore investors interested in the business can carve a niche through design quality and branding. To start the business you need to learn the manufacturing process. Then purchase appropriate equipment and raw materials.
Try to focus on one type of thermos and work on quality. You need startup funding, good location and an effective marketing strategy. You can supply you local demography or look at export opportunities.
A Brief History
The insulated bottle was originally designed by Sir James Dewar in 1892 as a result of research in cryogenics. He evacuated the air between two flasks through a vacuum system to create the product.
Common uses of the bottle are for household use and scientific chemical experiments. Later development of the product includes the introduction of aluminum and glass.
By 1904 commercial glass blowers Albert Ashenbrenner and Reinhold Burger designed and patented the thermos. They later sold the design to the thermos company who expanded the size, shape and product rage. The thermos design was significantly refined by Gustav Robert a Viennese inventor.
Types of Thermos Flask
They generally work the same but come in different designs. The different types can be based on materials used in the construction. Common types include all-steel vacuum bottles, stainless steel and ceramic thermal tumbler, glass.
Business Plan
The first step is to write a comprehensive thermos flask making business plan. Then carry out a feasibility study and product sampling. You need appropriate funding, good design and quality equipment. Try to study your competitions prices, products and marketing strategy.
Learn the Trade
It is important you learn the manufacturing process. You can hire an expert in the business. Other ways are through industrial training or apprentice programs. Learn through trade workshops, seminars or tutorials.
hot water bottle
Raw Materials
The raw material depends on the type of thermos you want to make. To manufacture the product you need stainless steel, plastic resin. Others include soda-lime silicate glass, an aldehyde solution, silver ammonia complex solution and liquid foam.
  • stainless steel
  • plastic resin
  • soda-lime silicate glass
  • aldehyde solution
  • silver ammonia complex solution
  • liquid foam
  • borosilicate glass
  • metal
Register a business name and incorporate a company. Your company could be an enterprise or LLC. Go to the corporate affair commission of your country for details. You also need tax identification number TIN, liability insurance cover.
Your products should pass the basic quality assessment and standardization of such products. Other requirements include environmental issues, proper waste disposal system and safety of employees.
Make sure your company hires experience machine operators and administrative staff. You need direct labor for packaging, location drivers and sales representatives. You need a marketing department and quality control department.
The location could be close to the source of raw materials or market. Make sure the factory has basic utilities, good road network and easy accessibility. The factory should accommodate equipment, storage and loading area.
Manufacturing Process of Thermos Bottle
The vacuum flask consists of two vessels placed one within the other. Air is evacuated between the spaces to create a partial vacuum to reduce convection or conduction.
There are a couple of steps you need to make thermos bottle. The manufacturing process depends on the type of flask. The stages are the perform preparation, system of billet. Then the introduction of a complex solution poured into the bottle ballet inner layer and finally the vacuum system.
To make plastic vacuum flasks small pellets of plastic resin is blow molded into desired shape. A stainless steel sheet is shaped for the outer covering.  The formed outer cap is fitted with inner layer and glass filter placed inside the outer cup.
Insulation is added and liquid foam is sprayed between the cup spaces and allowed to harden. To manufacture a hot insulated bottle instead on liquid foam, air is sucked out of the cup space with a powerful vacuum machine.
The steel bottle is coated, bottle stamped or logo added. Blow molding is used to make the top and a stopper is introduced. The final product goes through a series of quality assessment and standardization tests.
Manufacturing Process
1. Perform preparation
2. System of billet
3. Introduction of a complex solution
4. Vacuum system
Quality Control and Safety
Insulated bottles go through strict control measures. The heat or cold retention are tested, viscosity or discolorations.  The vessel should be fitted with metal base for safe handling or prevention from physical damage. Rapid vessel temperature changes can lead to implosion or unexpected shattering.
To get your product noticed you need an effective marketing strategy.  You need wholesalers, retailers and export market. Use electronic and print media, proper pricing and attractive packaging. Leverage on marketing professional’s to introduce your brand to the general public.

How to Start a Hot Water Bottle Manufacturing Business

The hot bottle is basically a rubber container that is filled with hot water. It is built to retain heat, provide warmth during cold season or aid a sick patient. Most are made from traditional rubber or PVC. You also have latex or phthalate free products for children with allergies.
The bottles are moderately priced and come in beautiful motifs, designs and patterns. Some are transparent, smooth, ribbed or plain. You also get them in different standardized sizes.
Investors interested in manufacturing hot bottles can make good money. The person needs to invest in equipment, sourcing raw material and registration a company.
They need to understand the manufacturing process and international standardization provisions. To start the business you need funds, good location and manufacturing license.
Different Types of Hot Water Bottle
You have a huge choice of hot water bottles in the market. They are generally built using traditional rubber or PVC. Modern types are built with quality rubber and are built to receive hot water.
To preserve the products manufacturers add non perishable rubber compound or less based on quality. The product needs to have the capacity to retain heat, good insulator and durable.
The types of hot water bottle are based on their different sizes, patterns and designs. You have novel hot water bottles, electric bottles, transparent ribbed or smooth.
The ribbed could be on one side and smooth on the other side. It could be ribbed on both sides, transparent, smooth or ribbed. Some are patterned, plain or based on size and dimension.
The group, fill or capacities vary however the standard size of a hot water bottle is 2.0L. However different sizes include 1.0L, 0.80L, and mini 0.5Lor extra large size of 2.7L. Theses sizes are based on availability of bottle covers or replacement stoppers.
Hot Water Bottle Types
  • novel hot water bottles
  • electric bottles
  • transparent ribbon or smooth
  • ribbed on both sides
  • transparent
  • smooth
  • ribbed on one side
  • some are patterned
  • plain hot water bottles
Raw Materials
The raw material depends on the type of bottle. Modern bottles are made from Indian rubber, natural rubber or PVC. Some manufacturers include novelty designs or fabric covers. Newer products use novel things like heat pads, polymer gel or wax. You find materials such as silicone based material instead of the traditional runner.
Rubber Types
  • Indian rubber
  • PVC
  • Local rubber
  • Natural rubber
hot water bottle
Product Safety
There is a mandatory standard for the design, performance, labeling and construction of the product. Key requirements for product safety include structural integrity, strength of seams.
Others are stopper leakage and pressure resistance. The manufacturer is mandated to provide labeling that contains warning indications and advice.
Importation Standards
The hot water bottle must meet specified international UK standards. The PVC should have specific thinness to avoid leakage, splits or burns. The product is mandated to meet British standard BS 1970:2012. The standardization covers filling requirements, none stick or blocked inside of bottle and ability to fill to recommended capacity 30s.
Although the standardization does not cover filling procedure the filling time depends on the filling aperture. The recommendations are no over filling, make sure funnel empty, inspection of damaged stopper, wear and tire.
How to use a Hot Water Bottle
The bottle should be wrapped by a towel before use. It must be checked for rips, splits or perished products. The products should have appropriate labeling and cover firmly closed before use.
Don’t add very hot water and avoid sitting or lying on the product. Don’t over fill and use a cover wrap such as a towel around the bottle before use. It is important to maintain care when filling with hot water and disposes of substandard products or report to regulatory authorities.
Users must make sure funnel is empty, avoid overfilling and avoid placing anything when storage. Finally always look for British Standardization mark. BS 1970:2012. BS 1970:2001 or BS 1970: 2006. There is however other standardization provisions based on the country of manufacture.
Safety Measures
1.  Bottle wrapped by a towel before use
2. Checked for rips, splits or perished products
3. Should have appropriate labeling
4. Cover firmly closed before use
5. Don’t add very hot water
6. Avoid sitting or lying on the product
7. Don’t over fill
9. Use a cover wrap
10. Care when filling with hot water
11. Dispose of substandard products
12. Make sure funnel is empty
13. Avoid placing anything on it in storage
14. British Standardization mark. BS 1970:2012. BS 1970:2001 or BS 1970: 2006.
Product Testing
 The product testing includes visual checks, design and structural integrity check. The manufacturer needs to test the performance and basic design.
Product Guarantee
 As a manufacturer you need to include a product guarantee. Under the consumer guarantee act you are mandated to provide a replacement, refund or compensate if your product is unsafe. The consumer on their part could choose to report to a regulatory body.
Before you acquire a manufacturing license make sure the product conforms to standardization requirement. You must conduct quality test through out the manufacturing stage to get the proper standardization.
You need to get a business name and register a limited liability company. Other requirements are liability insurance and TIN number. There are also waste disposal provisions that guide the industry.
The choice of factory location depends on two factors. You could locate the business based on availability of raw material the PVC or on nearness to market.
Things to consider when choosing a location are transportation, road network and utility. Make sure the factor can accommodate equipment, warehousing and administrative office.
The hot water bottles face serious challenge from heat blankets, reusable hot packs and modern heating. The demand worldwide is reducing however very cold regions still have a fair share of the market.
Top countries that use the product are Australia, Chile, United Kingdom, and Ireland. The manufacturer needs to find active markets and use product branding and advertising to reach potential customers.