Maize Production Business Ideas: How to Start a Corn Production Business


One of the major producers of corn is the United States of America. With over 95, million acres reserved for the production, the annual output is impressive. America alone produces over 332 million metric tons of the food crops.
 Asia, India and Africa also produce different verity of corn. It does not matter what the crop is called corn and maize are the same plant.
Around the world the food crop has a high economic value and provides lots of job opportunities. Maze crop is highly nutritious and cheaper than several food types. The crop has lots of food and beverage applications use for cooking and industry.
It is also an important ingredient in livestock feed, aquaculture and production lines. Any entrepreneur looking to cash in on this dynamic crop stands to make lots of money.
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Historical Data
This local staple is common to countries like India, Canada and Australia  and was spread by immigrant settlers across Mexico and American boarder. The plant is believed to have been domesticated in the valleys of Mexico and cultivated by the Olmec and Mayan people.
It was introduced into Africa by the Portuguese in the 16th century.
Economic Value of the Crop
Maize is a tasty staple in most countries and is used in many cuisines.  Maize is used for porridge, pap and a raw material in animal feed. Over 55% of maize produced are used for Animal feed production.
The amazing crop is also used to produce ethanol in USA including exports. Other applications are diary, hogs, beef cattle and poultry feeds.
You find corn in beverage alcohol, cereal sweeteners and starch. This is good news for corn farmers providing various outlets for their product.
You can grind maize into flour or consumed through boiling or roasting . The food crop contains lots of protein including vitamin E, vitamin C, and vitamin A.
it has many fibers that aid digestion and free bowel movement , energy and carbohydrates.
 Domesticated Maize
Maize is a single domesticated stalk plant with multiple leaves. It generally has 20 inter-nodes and stands 10ft-12ft high. They are female inflorescence with several layers of husks.
Maize is hardy and survives in different climates and comes in various colors like yellow, purple, blackish and bluish grey.  Sweet corn is a genetic variant that contains less starch.
The plant takes about 4 months from seeding to harvesting. The many applications and durability of the plant makes it economically viable and important. As an entrepreneur you can plant corn for domestic use or export purposes.
Types of Corn
There are many types of corn used for food in the zea-mays family. We have the sweet corn, flint corn, waxy and pod. Others are flour corn, dent, popcorn and amyl maize.
How to Start your Maize Production Business
The scope of your production is based on the land size, geographical location. Others things that impact on production are seed type and funding.
Others are availability of fertilizer, soil, pesticide including farmers knowledge of the plant. The crop grows easily in ideal conditions and has good value. Entrepreneurs looking to start their maize farm need to consider a few things.
Landed Property
Landed property suitable for corn farming is the most important aspect the business venture. The farm land should have a flat topography, rich loamy soil and devoid of flooding.
For maximum gain select high productive grains for better yields. Maize thrives in different atmospheric conditions from hot and dry, wet and cold.
 Farmers plant maize in rows which allows proper utilization of the land and planting of other crops. Farmers plant crops between rows for effective land management.
Some farming techniques used by maize farmers are crop rotation, use of fertilizer and herbicides to remove weeds. They also try to plant just before the rains come for better results.
Select the Right Species
There are so many varieties of corn seedlings available to farmers. The type of corn determines on your niche market.  Other determinants are your geographical location, soil type and customer base.
Some corn variations do well in certain climates. Get impute from your cambers of commerce on domestic production or export.
People in different locations have favorite species they prefer based on local dishes and application. Most corn used by famers a hybrid species genetically engineered for fast growth and bountiful yields. Making some species so hardy they can service hash conditions like draught or wet lands.
Some maize verity mature early while are late bloomers. Early bloomers are best suited for areas with low rainfall or short rainy season.
They also have different provisions for growth and development. Developed countries use advanced water irrigation systems to ensure adequate water for the maize.
To get ahead choose healthy seedlings and source them from agricultural research institutes or local seed farmers.
The top six maize producers are united states, China, Brazil, Ukraine Argentina and India.
Diseases and Pests
Corn is prone to many diseases caused by fungal disease, leaf blight and streak virus. Other diseases prevalent in maize are stalk rot, ear rot, rust, Goss’s wilt and grey leaf spot.
Pests that cause serious damage to crops are Armyworm, corn Delphacid, leaf aphid and rootworm. Other pests are maize weevil, stalk borer, corn borer and rootworm
Harvesting
The type of farming, seedling and climatic factors dictate the amount of maize harvested on your farm. Other things that mitigate in the final outcome are sunlight, pest control and effective weeding.
The major expenditure in maize farming are landed property, machinery or labor costs.
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