Sugarcane Milling Business: How to start a Sugarcane milling Business

sugarcane milling plant
By David Monniaux CC-BY-SA-3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons
Sugarcane accounts for 80% of the world’s sugar needs. Once harvested the cane should be processed within 24hours.
The sugarcane stalk is made up of water, fiber, sugars.  Farmers can produce 16 kilograms per square meters however optimally cultivated plantation could yield 100 tons per hectare.
To extract the juice the miller crushes the sugarcane to shred the stem and juice boiled to remove water. Sugarcane milling is a lucrative business venture however it is capital intensive.
The majority of equipment used for making white sugar is fabricated. To launch your enterprise you need to write a business plan and carry out a feasibility study.
Focus on raising capital, equipment procurement, and technology. Other things to consider are company registration and licenses.

Apply for a trade license and incorporate our company. Search for a suitable location for your factory with ample space and proper road network.
Secure loans from commercial banks in your area or sell startup equity in your business. We strongly recommend factory automation for product quality control and consistency.
How to start a Sugarcane milling Business
How Sugarcane Mills Operate
A well equipped sugarcane mill should produce several tons of white sugar, bagasse and molasses. Once the sugarcane consignment is weighed it goes through a shredder.
Sugarcane mills process the cane to produce white sugar and other important byproducts. The sugarcane goes through a few processes before becoming white sugar.
They first receive the cane from the farmers then cut and shred into bits. There are two ways to extract juice from sugarcane. One is the diffusion method or milling method.
The Diffusion Method
 The diffusion method extracts the sucrose from cane. The shredded cane is fed into the diffuser and hot water introduced.
You then get higher concentration of sucrose than the diluted juice. The diffusion process is then repeated over 15 times.
The Milling Method
The milling method is different because the sugarcane goes through squeezing under high pressure. This is done using iron rollers while imbibitions water facilitates better extraction.
 Hot water is added to the last milling process while the squeezed juice goes through several processing and pumping averaging about 6 times.
The Clarification, Evaporation and Crystallization Method
Once the sugarcane has gone through cutting, shredding and extraction the next step is juice clarification. Juice clarification is removing suspended solids from the juice.
The solids are usually fibrous, wax and mud. Juice clarification involves adding lime to juice in order to adjust the juice PH to 7.
The limed juice is then super-heated through boiling. At saturated temperature impurities are precipitated then the juice is transferred to clarification tank.
Clear juice is removed from clarifier while suspended solids settle underneath. To saturate the clear juice it is sent to evaporators to make syrup.
The juice is then vacuum- boiled and concentrated. After the crystallization process there is a separation of sugar crystals through the centrifugal process. The sugar is then dried and package for stalls and markets.
Processing White Sugar
Receiving cane – shredding –juice extraction – juice clarification – juice evaporation to obtain syrup – crystallization – centrifugal separation – sugar drying – packaging - delivery
Sugarcane Processing Plant and Equipment
To start your sugarcane mill you need to purchase equipment. There are a few equipment's you need for your sugarcane mill industry.
The equipment's are capital intensive and are usually fabricated onsite to meet your specifications. There are many reputable companies that design and manufacture sugar processing plants.
Find equipment that reduces wastage and increases efficiency while producing high quality products. Choose sugar processing equipment that has guarantee and a wide range of spare part for replacement.
Other things to look out for when selecting equipment is improved life cycle costing, few maintenance problems and less down time.
Machinery and equipment used in processing sugar includes clarifiers, dryers, coolers, filter press and centrifugal s. Other important equipment's are standard laboratory equipment, filter press, cane mud Filter and meters.
Full list of Equipment for Sugar Processing Plant
Refinery filter 
Screening Machinery
Cane Mud Filter
Filter Press
Sugar vacuum filters
Industrial fume extraction system
Screw conveyors
Auto Filter
Casting cooling system
Sugar juice Clarifiers
Laboratory Equipments
Sugar juice heaters
Rotary juice strainer
Distillation equipment
Material handling equipment
Vertical crystallizers
Types of Cane Sugar
There are two types of cane sugar the crystalline and non crystalline. Non crystalline vary in color from dark brown to golden brown.
They are processed as either lump sugar or granular sugar. White sugar also comes in granulated form or lump form.
List of Cane Sugar
Brown granulated sugar
White granulated sugar
White lump sugar
Guyana sugar called Demerara
Non centrifugal sugar
Marketing Sugar
The sugar mill needs to provide a good platform for wholesalers. They can offer discounts, after sales support, delivery and marketing.
The popularity of the product and effective branding adds to the success of the product. You need to employ serious advertisement strategies and awareness programs.
Other things to consider is attractive packaging, appropriate licensing and competitive pricing. Maintenance, labor costs, working capital and efficiency are other parameters to explore.


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