Wheat Flour Business: How to Start a Wheat Flour Production Business

Wheat flour is a white powdery substance used to produce different food items. The gluten content dictates the kind of flour produced. 
The grain used in flour such as the endosperm, germ and brand produces tough leathery, elastic or soft wheat flour. Wheat flour is used in pastry, bread baking and cake making.
Other uses of flour are biscuit making, pasta, chin-chin and pancakes. The production process of wheat flour involves grinding the wheat.
Wheat is rich in vitamins, protein and lots of fiber. The product has nutrients added to the mix though a process of fortification.
Types of Flour
There are different types of flour based on gluten content and processing method. The content combination of wheat grain, whole wheat grain, bran, endosperm and germ accounts for the kind flour produced.
Types of flour include Atta Flour, Tang Flour, Cake flour, and bread flour. Others are bleached flour, white flour, enriched flour, instant flour and bromated flour.
By Think Draw from Dubai, UAE (bread) [CC BY 2.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

A List of Flour Types
Enriched flour
Self raising flour
Bromated flour
White flour
Bleached flour
Whole wheat flour
Instant flour
Pastry flour
Cake flour
Bread flour
Plain flour
Wheat Milling Machine
There are different types of wheat milling machines both branded and fabricated. Things to consider in a good machine are high sensitivity action, durability and ruggedness.
The machine could adopt a pneumatic control and zero pollution to the environment. Make sure the milling machine have ability to produce other products.
The machine you choose should be multifunctional and process maize flour, fodder flour and wheat flour. The capacity depends on its functionality and range from 15T-80T mill.
How to Make Wheat Flour
Select the grain you want to turn into flour. The next step is to purchase a grinder or purchase a wheat milling machinery.
The functionality of the grinder impacts on the smoothness of the product. Place the grain into the grinder and blend vigorously.
Work the mechanism till you achieve a smooth soft flour powder. Before fully blended you can add ingredients you wish into the concoction.
 Wheat flour spoils rather easily so they need good containment and storage. Pour the content into a resalable bag or plastic to prevent insect’s infestation. To preserve it further store in refrigeration system of fridge.
Register the Wheat Flour Milling Business
Incorporate the business as a limited liability company. The wheat flour you produce has to go through standardization, testing and certification.
This is to determine the content and suitability for commercial consumption. The wheat flour also requires branding and content identification.
You need to get a trade license and value added tax. Other considerations are pollution and environmental provisions including insurance cover.
Locating the Enterprise
Lease a shop in a heavily trafficked area to reach your customers. The location should have good road network for movement of goods.
You need adequate electricity, Lorries, trucks and loading dock. Other infrastructure on the site is factory, administrative block and storefront.
Financing the Four Milling Business
The flour milling business is capital intensive except if you want to run a very small operation. Prepare a comprehensive flour mill business plan and apply for bank loans.
Find a core investor in your business or sell startup equity. You can try target savings or borrow money from family and friends.
Market the Wheat Flour Product.
You will face stiff competition from established brands and local players. Your best bet as a small enterprise is to focus on your immediate market.
It is possible to dominate your immediate environment by offering high quality products at lower prices. Other incentives for your customers are delivery service, discounts and promotions.
Use advertisement in local newspapers, magazines and tabloids. Try printing flyers, posters, complementary cards and signboards.
You can network with local wholesalers and retailers of flour products. Talk to bakeries, manufacturers of food items, fast food outlets and restaurants.
Take out online classified, build a dedicated website for your business and use yellow pages. You can also hire commission based sales representatives to find new markets for your products.
And lastly hire proficient staff and make adequate provisions for expansion.
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