Soya Chunk Processing: How to Start a Soya Nugget Business


Textured meat was invented by the Archer Daniels Midland company in the 1960s.Today people are more conscious of a healthy lifestyle and healthy eating.
Consequently the eating of diary meat and fat is gradually reducing. To meet the average human dietary demand people are turning to other food sources.
Vegetarian meat is becoming more popular each day. And the primary source is soybeans.
Textured Soy protein when processed provides meaty taste, fibre and high protein content. The scientific name is Glycin Max a member of the pea family and source of soybeans.  Major producers of soya are North America, South America, India and China.
The vegetarian meat is rich in protein and other nutrients. Soya chunks are high protein food made from defatted soy flour.
To produce the delicacy oil is extracted from the soybean flour leaving defatted soybeans. This is then ground into a dough and cut into soya chunks.
Majority of soy chunks found in the market are made from defatted soy flour processed into granules through an extrusion process. The resultant textured vegetable protein is rich in fiber and free from cholesterol.
Soya chunks are eaten worldwide as a substitute to meat.
General Importance of Soybeans
Soybeans are a very important cash crop and a good source of soya flour, soya nuggets and soya milk.  It attracts premium price in the domestic and international markets. Soybeans are used in the food packaging industry, baking industry, food industry.
Machinery used in Producing Soya Chunks
Soybeans need to go through an extruder machine to produce soya chunks. Equipment used in producing textured vegetarian meat is industrial mixer, screw conveyor and extruder.
Others equipment are hoisting equipment and packaging machine.  For maximum yield invest in a good soybean processing machine which makes tissue protein.
A good textured soybean protein extruder machine should have an installed capacity of 90kw, 60kw power and a capacity of 300kg/hr.
List of Soya Chunk Making Equipment
Blender or Mixer
Screw conveyor
Twin screw extruder
Air conveyor or hoister
Multi-layer dryer
Packaging machine
Flow Chart for Textured Soybean Processing
Blender – Screw Conveyor – Extruder – Air conveyor/ Hoister – Dryer or Oven – Packaging equipment
Uses of Soya Chunks
Soya nuggets are used in many dishes and food packaging industries. Soya chunks are added to burgers, made into sausages or dumplings.
The vegetable meat is easily adapted to common meat and poultry dishes such as tacos, sloppy Joes, spaghetti Bolognese and burritos. They are added to baked products such as vegetarian meat pies. Some animal feed companies include the ingredient in the feed composition.
Marketing the Soya Chunks
The major customers of soya products are vegan stores. Health stores and supplement stores are also a good place to sell soya nuggets. Other important outlets are supermarkets, shopping centers, catering schools, restaurants and hotels.
Registering the Soy Chunk Company
Incorporate the business as a limited liability company or sole proprietorship. Apply for trade license and health insurance.
The product is subjected to a standardization test and food handler’s citification.  You need proper packaging, product labeling and marketing.
Finance the Soy Processing Business
To financing the business you can apply for loans through a micro finance bank or community bank. Try target savings or borrow from family and friends.
The major capital involvement is purchase of equipment, leasing factory space and buying raw material.  You could try a partnership arrangement, sell startup equity in the business or seek a core investor.
Build a Website
Build a website to sell you produce to international community. Create a good easy to navigate website with lots of images of product.
Include a shopping cart, location and description of ingredients in the vegetable meat. Increase traffic to your website through online advertisement and social media engagement.
Make sure you produce high quality chunks comparable to international standards. Keep your labor costs low, carry out feasibility study and write a business plan before starting the project.

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