Manufacturing of Stationeries


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Stationary products are in high demand and attract good prices. An investor could start a manufacturing business or focus on the wholesale or retail end of the business.
Common stationery found in book shops is exercise books, note books, writing pads, jotters and log books.  Other types of stationery are paper, writing implements, office supplies and envelops.
Stationary manufacturers use different methods of production such as offset printing, engraving and embossing other methods are ruling, cord-press, computer printout and letterpress.
Top consumers of stationery products are students of primary, secondary and higher institutions. Before the commencement of any academic session the demand for stationery products are high.
Similarly stationary products are needed in government offices, companies and home use. The amount of capital needed to start the enterprise depends on many factors. The business model could depend on outsource or running a production line.
Marketing the Stationery
The stationery market is flexible and attracts new investors. Major outlets for your products are bookstores, bookshops, libraries, schools and offices.
Manufacturers need to network with big wholesalers and retailers in your area. Use targeted marketing and hire commission based sales representatives to find new outlets.
You don’t need a big marketing budget because stationary products are basically the same. Attend stationary trade shows, seminars and study marketing trends.
Manufacturing the Books
To manufacture books you need rims of bond paper. The bond paper are ruled, cut and stapled to cover.
The cover paper is usually cardboard, vanguard paper or cover paper. The cover is printed separately according to size specifications.
The final product is then trimmed to size and package. The entire process from plating to printing and ruling could be done in any printing press.
Machines used in the production process are ruling machine, cord or 201 machine and cutting machine. The book is bound using stapling machine or hand staplers. The books are packaged in transparent nylon for delivery or shipment.
A list of Equipment
Here are lists of equipment you need to start manufacturing stationery.
Perforating machine
Stitching machine
Paper cutting machine
Disk ruling machine
Cord machine or 201 machines
Hand staplers
Funding the Enterprise
You need fixed and working capital to start a stationery manufacturing business. The funds are used to purchase printing equipment, rent a shop, staff wages and procurement of raw material.
Other important factors are utilities such as electricity, furniture and miscellaneous expenses. The equipments require skilled machine operators to function optimally.
Printing machines are expensive so you need adequate funding. Apply for loans for commercial banks in your area. You could seek a core investor or sell startup equity in your business.
Hire Staff
 To run an average printing press you need a manager and accountant. Other staff includes skilled machine operators, casual workers and a driver.
Raw Materials
 The raw materials needed to produce exercise books or text book include the following. Purchase lots of white bond paper, grey board sheet and cover paper. Purchase gum, binding cloth, stitching ware, printing ink and consumables.
Utilities
The main utility required is abundant electricity. The location should have a good road network for easy accessibility.
Working Capital and Expenses
The total working capital involves monthly rent, purchase of raw materials and utility bills. Others include expenses, salaries, marketing and transportation cost.
Register the Business
Register your business name and incorporate the company. Get a manufacturing license and trade license. You need a personal identification number for tax purposes.
Build a Website
Create a website and list your products and services. Include images of your stationery with full description and prices.
If you produce celebratory cards find outlets for your products. Common celebratory cards are wedding invitations, anniversaries, birthdays and party invitations.
To increase traffic to your website use online classified advertisement, yellow pages, directories and social media channels.

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