Chili Pepper Exportation Business

Chili pepper is a hot spicy fruit found in many countries. The fruit from the genus Capsicum are boiled, fried, cut, grilled, canned and use in many dishes.
Countries that have an abundance of chili pepper are Mexico, India, Australia, South Africa and Britain. West Africa ad Asian countries are not left out in this highly profitable trade.
Over 39 million tons of chili pepper produced worldwide due to its economic viability and popularity. The domesticated self pollinating crop has a few spices with different levels of spicy hot taste.
Chili pepper exportation is a lucrative business but challenging. The difficultly includes sourcing the product, transportation, handling and meeting international standards and preservation.
Others are acquiring an export license, funding and getting a foreign buyer.  Before launching the venture you need to get acquainted with the species, cultivars and export procedures.
chili pepper
Why Chili pepper is Popular
Chili pepper is increasing in popularity due to growing interest in ethnic cuisine. Migration and globalization has increased the density of migrate people, culture and cuisine.
Other factors include technology advancement, products and applications. The production of chili peppers has rapidly increased because of pepper seedlings and growing techniques.
Other reasons are growing awareness of healthy alternatives including green organic farming solutions.
Chili Pepper Export Countries
Although there are many countries that export chili pepper we shall mention only a few. Listed below are some of the major players in the chili industry. The export destinations are usually Europe, America and Asia.
  • India
  • Mexico
  • China
  • Japan
  • Indonesia
  •  Philippines
  • West Africa
  • Asia
Species of Chili Pepper
There are 5 domesticated species of chili pepper cultivated by farmers. The species are grouped into Capsicum baccatum, Capsicum pubescens, Capsicum chinense, Capsicum frutescens and Capsicum annuum.
Capsicum annuum is common in New Mexico while frutescens are found in Thailand and Malawi. South America has the pubescens and baccatum while china has the Capsicum chinense.
Domesticated Species
  • Capsicum baccatum : Aji peppers
  • Capsicum pubescens Rocoto peppers
  •  Capsicum chinense : Scotch bonnet, Datil, Naga, Habanero
  • Capsicum annuum : Bell peppers,chiltepin, New mexico Chile, cayenne, wax, jalapenos
  •  Capsicum frutescens: Thai peppers, malagueta, Malawian Kambuzi, piri piri
Very Hot Peppers
Very hot peppers include infinity chili, naga and scorpion butch T. others are bhut jolokia found in India, Carolina reaper and Trinidad moruga scorpion.
Pepper Products and Uses
Product made from chili pepper includes pepper spray, topical ointments, dermal patches and nasal sprays. They are ground into powder, made into a paste, roasted added to spices and eaten raw. Chili is found in curries and prepared in dishes.
  • Ingredient in curries
  • Added to dishes
  • Made into powder
  • Made into paste
  • Found in pepper spray
  • Topical ointments
  • Dermal patches
  • Nasal spray
Exporters of the fruit face serious regulations pertaining to chili export. There are general marketing standard that require strict compliance.
Basic requirement are chili free from contaminants, fresh, clean and intact. The packaging most withstand handling and transportation and are categorized according to extra hot, mild, hot and medium.
There are other requirements such as size, packaging, origin and quality of the fruit. There are size codes, size diameter and other requirements.
Packaging requirements include quality package to reduce damage. There must be a clear representative of fruit content, free from contaminants and chemical compounds.
More Regulations
The labeling should contain appropriate information. On the label there should be country of origin, class, size, nature of product and legible lettering.
Familiarize yourself with regulations on fruit, packaging and labeling. These provisions are very important and any deviation might cause loss of shipment or rejection.
One of the biggest problems facing pepper exporters is contamination. Pesticide residues on pepper will cause an outright ban on your produce.
Other requirements are provisions on phytosanitary management concerning spread of harmful organisms across boarders. You are required to provide a global G A P that covers the entire production process.
You need a food safety certification, safe quality food program and international food standardization certification.
Major Markets for Chili Peppers
Exporters need to find major markets for their commodity. According to statistics Turkey and Morocco are the largest exporters of chili peppers. Other major players are India, Ghana, Kenya and Uganda.
The major markets exporters should concentrate on European. Import nations include France, United Kingdom, Spain and Portugal.
The popularity of the ethnic food is due to large populations of Asians, South Americans and African in these countries. They desire a taste of their local cuisine and prefer home grown peppers.
Another major attraction to these markets is all year round consumption and shipment opportunities. India, China and America produce huge quantities of chili peppers.
However the products are usually sold to local regional markets or within their territorial borders.
Chili pepper export business is highly competitive and you face major marketers. Make sure you fulfill legal and non legal provisions. Your fruits should comply with international standards especially the country of import.
Business Requirements
Register the business as a limited liability company and get liability insurance cover. Borrow money from any trade bank in your country.
Source your products from your local markets and make sure they use organic manure and techniques. Test the products for pesticide residues before purchase.
Find markets/ buyers and source correspondent peppers popular in such markets. Try to network with your local chambers of comers for guidance and information.


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