Business Ideas

Printing and Publishing,Sports, Travel Business,Wedding Business, Wholesale and Retail Businesses

Business Ideas

Inport, Export, Manufacturing, Marleting,Oil and Gas, Online and Internet, Pet Business, RealEstate

This is

We feature lots of small business ideas from various industries.

Business Ideas

Age grade,Agriculture,Farming,Art and Craft,Business Services,Education,Beauty and Personal care business ideas.

Business Ideas

Fashion and Style, Auto and Transport, Food, Healthcare,Entertainment and Events, Work from Home

Welcome to our website.

Commercial Processing of Mangoes

The mango fruit’s, sweet pleasant taste could be attributed to its high sugar content. The tropical tree has lots of medicinal and food applications.
The fleshy drupe is indigenous to West Africa, Mexico and India. They come in different sizes, shapes and colors.
Each geographical location has different harvesting periods through the year. Common color variations found in commercial mangoes are green, red and yellow.
The entire mango tree has many uses from the seeds, fruit, leaves and stem. Investors need to buy appropriate machinery, secure a ready source of raw material and get adequate funding.
Other essentials are effective marketing, incorporation, and hiring qualified staff. Here are a few ideas on how to start a mango processing business.
Problems Associated with Mango Industry
The mango industry faces a few challenges such as short lifespan of fruit, difficulty in uniformity of product and different shaped fruits.
The processing industry heavily relies on manual labor to peel and slice. And another major impediment is accurate determination of maturity of the fruit.
Uses of Mango
Processed mango is used for medicinal purposes to treat diarrhea, diabetes, and female disorders. More medicinal uses are treatment of urethritis and dysentery. Other include seed kernels for poultry feed, seed fat used to make soap, bark for tanning hides and gum. 
Industrial Applications of Mango
The nourishing fruit has lots of industrial applications. Commercial mango processors leverage on the food aspect of the fruit.
Large scale producers have an array of products to develop. You could decide to brew mango wine, mango fruit juice or fruit cocktails.
Some extract the nectar or use the mango pulp in beverages. We have delicious mango flavored ice creams and flavored yogurt.
The mangoes are processed and sold in cans or served fresh or as additives. Mango products have endless variations according the processing methodology.
They are frozen, canned, preserved through dehydration, sliced, ground or pickled. They undergo dicing, turned into puree, peeled or chopped into bits. 
The products are sold as jams, jellies, salted, other include fresh mangoes, syrups, fruit punch, nectar and mixed fruit blends
Mango Products
  • Purees
  • Jams
  • Jellies
  • Salted 
  • Sold fresh
  • Syrups
  • Fruit punch
  • Nectar
  • Mixed fruit blends
Mango Processing
Mango is processed into different food products and requires a considerable amount of labor. The small business owner needs to focus on a niche our manufacture related products.
Popular food products derived from mangoes that have good economic value are mango juice, mango puree and canned sliced mangoes.
Mango Processing Machinery
The type of machinery you need depends on the product. Common equipment are washing stations, universal sorting station and brushing machine.
The 3 equipment earlier listed are used in washing and sorting the fruits. You also need an automatic destoner and peeler. The job of a destoner is to separate stones while peeling the fruit.
The next equipment along the production line is the single stage pulper. The job of the pulper is to refine the mango pulp into puree. The tubular pre-heater, deactivates enzymes in the pulp while a centrifuge decanter eliminates black specks.
The product goes through deaeration or concentration to achieve natural or concentrated puree. Some puree products are also subjected to sterilization.
Mango Processing Equipment
  • Destoner- peels and removes stones
  • Brushing machine
  • Single stage pulper- refines mango pulp
  • Decanter
  • Tubular pre-heater- enzymatic deactivator
  • Tubular heat exchanger
  • Centrifugal decanter-delicate de-pulping
  • Evaporator
 Processing Natural Puree
Mango is processed into 4 types of puree depending on the manufacturer. We have the sterilized concentrated mango puree, sterilized natural mango puree. Other puree derivates are the frozen concentrated mango puree and fresh natural mango puree.
Production of Sterilized Natural Mango Puree
The mango is collected, washed, sorted, brushed and de-stoned. It is then peeled, pulped, goes through enzymatic deactivation and into the decanter. To achieve sterilized natural mango puree it undergoes deaeration, sterilization, and aseptic filling.
Production of Sterilized Concentrated Mango Puree
The journey starts with washing, sorting, brushing, de-stoning, pulp and refining. The next steps include heat exchanger and final de-pulping.
It is feed into an evaporator, tubular heat exchanger, goes through aseptic filling before achieving sterilized concentrated mango puree.
Production of Frozen Concentrated and Natural Mango Puree
To produce frozen concentrated mango puree you start by washing the fruit, sorting brushing and de-stoning. The next step is peeling, pulping, refining and enzymatic deactivation. Next you feed into a decanter, concentrator, pasteurization/cooling, filling and freezing.
Canned Mango Slices
The production process of canned mango slices is less complicated. The fruits are collected at the receiving station, sorted and peeled.
The peeled fruit are placed in brine solution then slices filled into cans and weighed. Can is then filled with syrup and placed into a steam equipment.
The equipment expels oxygen and the canned sealed. They then undergo seam treatment for sterilization purposes. The final stage is the labeling of the product.
Other Processed Mango Products
  • Pickles
  • Green mango processing
  • Chutney
  • Drying/dehydration method
  • Beverages
  • Mango juice

Mango Export Business Plan

Commodity export business is highly lucrative and moderately challenging. There are lots of produce to choose.
Common produce are dates, yam, potatoes, onions and vegetables. Others are floral products, tomatoes, grapes, and mango.
Mango is a commercially viable, highly sort after fruit.  Mango exporters should target high price end markets.
Things to consider as an exporter are pre-harvesting, infrastructure, regulatory policy and marketing. The pre-harvest covers certified product, farming technology and crop economics.
The infrastructure concerns logistics, business plan and trade policy. Commodity exporters are bound by trade policy/regulations, pre-shipment inspection including quality standardization.
Marketing involves finding new markets, branding, and attracting foreign investment. You might need to establish an overseas office to carry out effective marketing.
Why Mangoes
Agricultural exports account for billions of dollars of sales worldwide. Agricultural crops are a major contributor to the GDP of most countries. Fruits and vegetable farming is a major employer of labor especially in developing countries.
Mango is a tropical fruit that has high economic value due to its many applications. The delicious fruit is seasonal and a single tree can produce hundreds of fruits each year.
Mango Derivatives
Mangoes have huge commercial value because of its different applications. Mangoes can be eaten raw, boiled, juiced or introduced in fruit salad.
More products obtainable from processed mango are canned fruit, mango pulp, nectar, fruit sauce and glazing. Other derivatives include yogurt flavoring, ice cream flavor, dried sliced mangoes and the popular mango juice.
  • Canned fruit
  • Mango pulp
  • Nectar
  • Fruit sauce
  • Glazing
  • Yogurt flavoring
  • Ice cream flavor
  • Dried sliced mangoes
  • Mango juice.
Top 10 Mango Exporting Countries
The top ten mango exporting countries are Brazil, India, Mexico and Peru. Others are Haiti, France Guatemala, Pakistan, Netherlands and Philippines.
Mexico, Philippines, Pakistan, Brazil and India account for over 75% of mango exports. There are other countries that export mangoes such as Malaysia, USA, United Kingdom and European Union.
Export Countries
  • Brazil
  • India
  • Mexico
  • Peru
  • Haiti
  • France
  • Guatemala
  • Pakistan
  • Netherlands
  • Philippines
  • Malaysia
  • USA
Mango Production
Over the years there has been a significant increase in mango production worldwide. The fruit comes in various verity, shapes, taste and sizes.
Exporters should concentrate varieties popular to the export destination. You need to take into account that maturity and harvesting period differs in each country.
Top verity of mangoes include Pico, Kent (South Africa) , Julie (West Indies), and Carabao (Kenya). Others are Amelie, Tommy Atkins (Mexico), Alphonso  (India)  and Chaunsa.
Types of Mangoes
  • Pico
  • Kent (South Africa)
  • Julie (West Indies)
  • Carabao (Kenya)
  • Amelie
  • Tommy Atkins (Mexico)
  • Alphonso  (India)
  • Chaunsa.
Marketing Mangoes
There are 3 marketing options open to investors. They could play in the domestic market, process the fruit or export the product. Selling to the domestic market involves picking the fruit, grading, packaging and transports to wholesaler or retailer.
The export marketing goes similar channels such as picking, grading, packaging and transport. You then collect he product from wholesaler and re-grade, repackage, store and transport.
The mode for transportation is via air or sea. The exporter could also process the fruit according to customer’s specification. Processing is done by washing the fruit, waxing, grading, cooling, storage and later transportation. The cargo is then shipped according to importers requirements. Top sales outlets for mango merchants
Farmers, wholesalers, retailers and exporters have many options when it comes to sales. Sales outlets include street vendors, supermarkets, restaurants and food processors. More are grocery stores, malls, fruit juice producers and residential homes.
There is a huge difference in mango prices based on size and specie. This is usually based on quality, size and farming technique.
Things that impact price are transit period, damage and packaging. Internationally accepted size of mangoes should weigh between 400grams - 600grams. The pulp to seed ratio is also a determinant.
Export Challenges
There are a few things that impacts negatively on export markets. Increase in freight charges, unavailability of containers, hidden charges and transit offloading. Others include blemished mango, small size, poor storage facility and packaging.
  • Increase in freight charges
  • unavailability of containers
  • hidden charges
  • transit offloading
  • blemished mango
  • small size
  • poor storage facility
  • packaging
Licensing and Registration
Register your business as a limited liability company. Then insure your goods and obtain tax identification number.
Certification includes grading and quality control, pre-shipment inspection and full compliance to international provisions. Label the packaging with detailed information on type of fruit, weight and date of packaging.
Pre-shipment inspection is important if you want to maintain quality and avoid export rejection. Minimum quality parameters are acidity of 0.45%, total sugars 13% and TSS 15%.
Other provisions have to do with uniformity, packaging, post harvest treatment and identification. Others are nature of produce, origin, commercial specifications and quality certification.
Product Certification
  • Uniformity
  • Packaging
  • Post harvest treatment
  • Identification
  • Nature of produce
  • Origin
  • Commercial specifications
  • Quality certification.
  • Pre-Shipment Hygiene
Grades and Quality Standards
Grades and quality standards define the provisions acceptable in the export market. The mangoes are divided into 3 classes according to the quality.
We have extra class mangoes with superior quality, glass grade 1 good quality and class grade 2. The fruit should be whole, firm, clean and fresh.
Other requirements are no-black stains, bruising, abnormal moisture or foreign smell. The produce should be free from pesticides, foreign matter, rot or trails. The fruit should show satisfactory ripeness and withstand handling and transportation rigors.
Business Plan
Write a mango export business plan and carry out a feasibility study. The business plan should contain the under listed.
  • Business overview
  • Executive summary
  • Product overview
  • Mission statement
  • Vision statement
  • Business structure
  • Management
  • Marketing
  • Funding
  • Sales forecast
  • Pricing and payment
  • SWOT Analysis
  • Profit/Loss accounting

Small Balloon Manufacturing Startup

Balloons are inflatable material used in many applications. The inflation medium is usually helium-gas or air.
They come in varied colors, dimensions, shapes and sizes. Some have medical application, fun, military and transportation.
Rubber toy balloons are generally made from latex material. To establish your factory you need quality equipment, good location and access to raw material.
You need to incorporate and put in place an effective marketing strategy. Here are a few ideas on how to start a small balloon plant.
How to start a Latex Balloon Plant
Raw Materials
Latex rubber is made from either synthetic material or rubber. It is the most common material used in the manufacturing process.
Although latex is the main ingredient other compounds are mixed to achieve color, dryness and thickness. Other raw materials are casein, potassium hydroxide and zinc oxide. Some manufacturers also use vulkanex and coloring pigments.
  • Synthetic material
  • Latex rubber
  • Casein
  • Potassium hydroxide
  • Zinc oxide
  • Vulkanex
  • Color pigments
Different Types of Balloons
There are different types of balloons based on design and materials used in the manufacturing process. The functionality, shape and size depend on the manufacturer’s purpose.
Common types are hot air balloon, gas balloon, hopper, airship, and water balloons. Others include toy balloons, cluster balloons, latex balloons, solar balloons and balloon catheter.
Balloon catheter are used in medicine while angioplasty during surgical procedures. Ceiling is meteorological balloons and barrage balloons have military applications.
  • Hot air balloon
  • Gas balloon
  • Hopper
  • Airship
  • Water balloons
  • Toy balloons
  • Cluster balloons
  • Latex balloons
  • Solar balloons
  • Balloon catheter
  • angioplasty
Latex Ballon Making Machinery
When you go shopping for machinery there are a few things to consider. Make sure you purchase equipment that is branded, durable and energy efficient.
There is a wide range of choices from automated to semi automated equipment. The equipment of choice should be low maintenance, high performance and dimensionally accuracy.
You need quality and consistency in your product for discerning customers. Common equipment are de-amonizing vessel, jar pot mill, hot air oven, dipping vats and paddle mixer.
Latex Balloon Manufacturing Process
Latex is obtained from the Hevea tree and is the principle ingredient in fun balloons. The main features that make latex desirable are the waterproof quality and elasticity. Once collected it is transported to the factory for processing.
The manufacturing process starts with preparation of latex compound by pre-vulcanizing the latex. Then the manufacturers introduce color pigments and modifiers.
The next step is dipping, leaching and drying process. The dipping involves balloon formers, and dipping into coagulant and latex compound.
The formers are then passed into the leaching tanks for 1 hour. Drying is done in a chamber and the rubber vulcanized. Finally the product goes through balloon stripping. After the stripping they undergo quality control inspection.
Balloon Making Process
  • Latex pre-vulcanised
  • Color pigments added
  • modifiers added
  • balloon formers
  • dipping into coagulant solution
  • dipped into latex compound
  • formers passed into leaching tanks
  • drying/curing
  • rubber vulcanization
  • removing
  • packaging/printing
Licensing and Registration
You are at liberty to choose between proprietorship and limited liability incorporation. Once you have incorporated the business obtain a trade license.
You need a license to manufacture balloons including insurance. The balloon making process produces a lot of hazardous waste. Therefore serious waste management protocols should be put in lace. The waste material is usually in liquid form and bad for the environment.
Marketing the Balloons
To succeed in this enterprise you need an effective marketing strategy. List your business in yellow pages, directories and classified websites. Use newspaper publications, television advertisement and radio jingles.
Print flyers, business cards, billboards and poster to attract patronage. Hire commission based sales representatives to find new customers. Focus on event centers, fun fairs, party planners and hall decorators.

Rubber Conveyor Belt Manufacturing Business

Conveyor belt manufacturing requires specialized equipment, technical skill and huge startup capital. Most of the funds are needed to purchase equipment and raw materials.
A rubber conveyor belt system is graded and works in a pulley system. The pulley system easily provides weight lifting solutions and conveys movement.
Before launching your enterprise there are a few things to consider. An entrepreneur needs to maintain production capacity and standard quality.
Other requirements include understanding your production capacity and market demand. Conveyor belts are manufactured to specification based on type of machinery.
Here are a few business ideas on how to start your company.
Raw Materials
Raw materials used in the production of conveyor belts consist of different materials. Common fabrics used are nylon, rayon, cotton and natural rubber.
A more comprehensive list of raw materials are raw rubber, synthetic rubber and processed oil. Others include stearic acid, sulphur, pine tar, carbon black and antioxidants. You need rosin, zinc oxide, whiting, pigments, fabrics and packaging material.
  •  Nylon
  • Rayon
  • Cotton
  • Raw rubber
  • Synthetic rubber
  • Processed oil
  • Stearic acid
  • Sulphur
  • Pine tar
  • Carbon black
  • Antioxidants
  • Rosin
  • zinc oxide
  • whiting
  • pigments
  • fabrics
  • packaging material
Rubber conveyor Belt Production Process
Rubber conveyor belts are produced using a calendar machine or spreading machine. The calender technique produces huge number of products and is more effective.
Other benefits of this method are faster production and reduced solvent loss. The product goes through rubberizing then hydraulic press to achieve required thickness and layer specification.
The top/bottom layers composite depends on type of machinery it operates. And the different sizes are based on the design and functionality. Make sure the product is high quality durable and able to bear heavy loads.
Machinery and Equipment
There are a few machinery you need to carry out the production process. You need to purchase a hydraulic press with 20H.P Motor, hydraulic mixture machine and size cutting machine.
Other important equipment are calender machine, farming table, rubber dispersion kneader and rubber mixing mill. Purchase office equipment, testing equipment, 250kg boiler, ageing chamber, packaging equipment and generating set
Rubber Conveyor Belt Manufacturing Equipment
  •  Hydraulic press with 20H.P Motor
  • Hydraulic mixture machine
  • Size cutting machine
  • Calender machine
  • Farming table
  • Rubber dispersion
  • Kneader
  • Rubber mixing mill
  • Office equipment
  • Testing equipment
  • 250kg boiler
  • Ageing chamber
  • Packaging equipment
  • Generating set
Industrialization and technology are the driving force for high demand. They are built for specific use and are used in most industries. Common industries that have machinery powered by conveyor belts include chemical plants, thermal plants and manufacturing industry.
Cost Considerations
The cost of your product is predicated on many factors. You need to estimate production capacity, technology, cost of aw materials and marketing.
Other parameters are loan interest rate, durability of product, staff wages and leasehold. Contingencies include phone expenses, transportation, insurance, repair and maintenance.
Financial Analysis
The financial analysis is based on cost of production, turnover, net profit and profit ration. Other parameters are rate of return, break-even point and fixed costs.
Secure Factory Space
You need a factory space to produce conveyor belts. You could purchase the factory/land outright or rent a warehouse. Other criteria include easy accessibility, utilities, installation and operation of machinery.
Hire Staff
The working capital is focused on procuring raw material, rent, marketing and staff wages. Hire a manager, supervisor, accountant and storekeeper. Other staff you might need include clerk, skilled/unskilled labor, marketing manager and security guard.
Registration and Licenses
Register the business as a limited liability company. You need a trade license, value added tax and BIS certification.
Find out the zoning formula and establish your factory in a commercial area. How to start a conveyor belt manufacturing company
  • Carry out a feasibility study
  • Write a business plan
  • Secure funding
  • Incorporate the business
  • Acquire state license
  • Hire staff
  • Lease factory
  • Hire staff
  • Purchase raw materials
  • Market the finished product

Rubber Stamp Business Opportunity

Rubber stamps are easy to make but requires moderate craft skill. The business template is simple and is practicable from home or an office environment.
You could focus on designing ready to use stamps or customized stamps. Ready to use stamps are popular with children and also has business applications.
Startup funding requirements are from $400-$1000 depending on a few factors. Working from home is infinitely cheaper, however you need a personal income tax identification number, marketing strategy and training.
Learn the Craft
Rubber stamping is a craft for creative and artistic people. Learn through books, e-books, magazines and websites. Attend art/craft classes or hire a tutor and learn the trade.
  • Tutorials
  • Books
  • E-books
  • Magazines
  • Websites
  • Craft shows
Basic Rubber Stamp Supplies
There are a few basic supplies you need for your business. You could start by purchasing embossed powders, inks and stamp handles.
Others are cleaning agents, scissors, cutting board and craft knife. More essentials are card stock, paints, pens, ink pad and different rubber stamp images. You also need adhesive padding, mounding blocks and latex rubber
  • Embossed powders
  • Inks
  • Stamp handles
  • Stamp cleaner
  • Scissors
  • Cutting board
  • Craft knife
  • Cardstock
  • Paints
  • Pens
  • Ink pad
  • Rubber stamp images.  
  • Adhesive padding
  •  Mounding blocks
  • Latex rubber
Office Equipment
Apart from the essential supplies you need some office equipment to aid the creative process. Buy a laptop or computer and a modem for internet access. Add basic furniture such as chairs, tables and high resolution DeskJet printer.
  • Laptop or computer
  • Modem
  • Chairs
  • Tables
  • DeskJet printer.
Types of Rubber Stamp Handles and Mounts
You have a wide verity of rubber stamp handles to choose. Specifications include Acrylic mount handle, stamper pre ink, Dura series mounds.
Others are Dura instant stamper, rubber stamp handle, plastic stamp handle and polymer. More include pre-ink, raw stamping, dura mounts, polumerruber handles, transparent  handle and rubber mounds.
  • Acrylic mount handle
  • Stamper pre ink
  • Dura series mounds
  • Dura instant stamper
  • Rubber stamp handle
  • Plastic stamp handle
  • Polymer
  • Pre-ink
  • Raw stamping
  • Dura mounts
  • Polumerruber handles
  • Transparent  handle
  • Rubber mounds.
Thing to Create
The stamps can make low cost handmade cards, design scrapbooks pages, customized packaging and gift bags. Others are DIY custom bracelets, rubber stamp jewelry and polymer clay pebbles.
  • Low cost handmade cards
  • Design scrapbooks pages
  • Customized packaging
  • Gift bags
  • DIY custom bracelets
  • Rubber stamp
  • Jewelry
  • polymer clay pebbles
How Commercial Rubber Stamps are made
Serious stamp makers start by making a design which is transferred to an aluminum plate. The design then gets etched through the application of acid.
The resultant engraved plate is placed on plastic to produce a mold. A vulcanizer produces the negative mold, this is also achieved using polymer.
Skilled craftsmanship and adhesives are then applied in various stages of the process to achieve the finished product.
Printing Business Ideas
Formulate a Business Plan
Rubber Stamp making is relatively easy once you develop the skill. However turning a hobby into a successful business is a different ball game.
The business plan should focus on marketing, customer demography and supplies. Other things to consider include building a targeted website and time management. You need to have a practicable budget and cost analysis.
Marketing Considerations
Finding customers is a big challenge for rubber stamp makers. A good way is to network with printers, bookshops and stationery stores.
Offer them ready made products including customized services. Retailing your products through stationery shops is an effective marketing strategy.
Make sure they refer potential clients by offering them incentives. Advertise your business through local publications, flyers and business cards.
Organize small community events to attract interest in your product. Produce quality products and use top grade materials.
Build a blog or website to highlight your products and use social media engagements. Make sure you spend very small funds on any marketing campaign.
Avoidable Mistakes
The biggest problem to avoid is making spelling errors. Such mistakes will show a negative image and affect your business.
Always check and double check any spelling to avoid this pitfall. Another potential problem is using poor quality material. Poorly made stamps will break or letters fade quickly.
Build a Website
A website would attract more people to your products. Make sure the site has good images, checkout cart and phone number. The site should target your local community or international market.

 Attribution-By Photo: Andreas Praefcke (Own work) [CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons