Quarry Business: How to Start a Stone Crushing Business

The business of crushing stones is important to the construction and building industry. The stones are broken down to granite stone material.
The granite stone is used in foundations, to reinforce building in a concrete mix. The concrete is also ideal for pillars, slabs, pavement stones and road construction.
 A stone quarry business is capital intensive and requires specialized equipment. You also need special licensing from government and designated land allocation. The business is practicable in any country that has huge deposit of the building material.
How to Start a Stone Crushing Business
Write a Quarry Business Plan
The first step is to write a quarry business plan. The plan should cover key sectors of the industry.
It should have an executive summary, management structure including products and services. Outline the business structure, staff, location, opportunities and add a vision statement. The business plan needs to identify staff roles, conduct a SWOT analysis and marketing.
The amount you need to start a quarry business is huge. Therefore approach a commercial bank for low interest long term loans.
Startup considerations are company registration fees, legal expenses, consultancy fees and insurance. Others include leasehold, stationery, cost of machinery and staff wages.
  • Loans
  • Business plan
  • company registration fees
  • legal expenses
  • consultancy fees
  • insurance
  • leasehold
  • stationery
  • cost of machinery
  • staff wages
Quarry Business Scope of Work
The business involves lots of crushing, digging and excavation of the stones. It also involves heavy lifting, haulage, heavy equipment and site maintenance. A quarry could operate in the production, wholesale and retail end of the business.
  • crushing
  • digging
  • excavation
  • heavy lifting
  • haulage
  • heavy equipment
  • site maintenance
  • production
  •  wholesale
  • retail
The staff you hire should be qualified and competent. Staff positions include CEO, quarry manager, administrative officer, and human resources manager.
Others are site supervisors, stone quarry casual workers, sales and marketing officer. Others are customer service executives, equipment handlers and truck drivers.
The chief executive officers responsibilities are recruitment, coaching, implementation and strategizing. The quarry manager handles the quarry operation, quality checks and training.
 The human resources manager covers the administrative tasks, finds exploration opportunities and employee assessment. The sales manager is responsible for prioritizing supervision implementation and sales.
Accountant handles the financial reports, budgeting cash management and payrolls. Truck driver’s responsibilities are logistics, haulage, safety of equipment and delivery.
  • CEO
  • quarry manager
  • administrative officer
  • human resources manager
  • site supervisors
  • stone quarry casual workers
  • sales and marketing officer
  • customer service
  • executives
  • equipment handlers
  • truck drivers
Extraction Process
The primary extraction from a quarry site is stone and gravel. Other materials extracted from the rock are granite, sand and limestone.
The process of extraction starts with the surface removal via blasting or stripping process. The crushers pulverize the rocks into manageable bits.
Bulldozers use large blades to rip through rock and present blasting holes. Wheel loaders load the material in huge buckets for onward transportation.
Types of Quarry Equipment
The equipment needed to perform extraction are stripping and drilling equipment. To launch the business you need specialized heavy equipment.
You could buy the equipment or lease accordingly. Common equipment used during the mining process includes excavators, trucks and tippers. Others are stone crushing equipment, crawler tractors, and bulldozers. More equipment’s are wheel loaders and rock trucks.
  • Jaw & Cone Impact Crushing Plant
  • Dynamite
  • Excavators
  • Trucks
  • Tippers
  • crawler tractors
  • bulldozers
  • wheel loaders
  • rock trucks
A company into stone crushing business has a large inventory of products. The products are used in the construction and building industry. The company could engage in wholesale distribution of the building materials.
Common products to consider are limestone, cement, gravel and ripraps. Others are crushed granite, dimension granite and decorative stones. More related products are slates aggregates, rocks and calcimine.
  • Sand
  • Limestone
  • Cement
  • Gravel
  • Ripraps
  • crushed granite
  • dimension granite
  • decorative stones
  • slates
  • aggregates
  • rocks
  • calcimine
The price depends on the prevailing prices in the market. Factors that affect pricing include labor costs, transportation and type of product. Provide adequate payment options such as check, bank draft, POS machines, cash and wire transfer options.
Marketing and Licensing
The marketing can focus on the supply end of the business. Top customers are construction firms and real estate developers.
Others are block molding companies, cement production plants and road construction companies. The marketing strategy involves advertisement of products, direct marketing and online resources.
Advertise on billboards, branded products, social media, monograms and stickers. The company needs to obtain the required permits and licensing. The license should cover exploration, stone crushing, wholesale and distribution.


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