How to Start Plastic Recycling Company in Nigeria

Plastic recycling companies process million of tons of reusable plastic. They offer a cost effective solution to waste management and environmental issues.
The material recovery system includes sorting, separation and size reduction. Other processes are cleaning, repurposing and pelletizing. The company needs huge startup funds for equipment and to purchase raw materials.
water bottle
Plastic Recycling Startup Requirements
To start write a plastic recycling business plan. Then carry out a feasibility study and survey. Find an ideal location and secure a permit.
Register the business as a limited liability company and get insurance cover. Hire machine operators, casual staff, sale manager, truck driver and accountant. Other requirements are purchase of machinery and equipment.
Types of Plastics
Did you know that most plastics are recyclable? However plastics such as polypropylene and polyvinyl chloride are not accepted in some plants.
Knowing your plastic is important in the industry. Common recyclable plastic are Polystyrene, Polypropylene and high density polyethylene including polyethylene Terephthalate.
Polyethylene Terephthalate otherwise known as PET can be recycled. It is commonly used in the manufacture of plastic bottles and consumer products. The product is not ideal for reuse because of growth of bacteria and leaching.
  • Polypropylene
  • polyvinyl chloride
  • Polystyrene
  • Polypropylene
  • high density polyethylene
  • polyethylene terephthalate
Equipment
The plastic recycling plant uses a variety of equipment. They deploy sorting equipment, grouping equipment and size reduction equipment.
The sorting equipment comprises sensors, ejectors, user interface and computing system. The size reduction machines use granulators, single or multi-shaft shredders.
The plastic goes through washing equipment, separating and pelletizing machine. Advanced separators use laser spectral analyzers while pelletizing machine converts used plastic into pellets.
  • sorting equipment
  • grouping equipment
  • size reduction equipment
  • washing equipment
  • separating
  • pelletizing machine
How Plastic is Processes
To process plastic they are sorted according to type of resin. In advanced countries the resin identification code is used to identify them.
The sorting process could be done manually or through mechanized means. The automatic sorting machine is fast and effective. The machine uses a complex system to carry out the sorting process. However, low to minimum processing plants use the visual identification process.
The processing of plastic starts with the sorting then shredding. Impurities are eliminated, resultant material melted and extruded as pellets.
There are other methodology such as the heat compression process and waste plastic Pyrolysis. More are thermal depolymerization, compatiblization and distributed recycling.
The compatibilization process involves the mixed recycling of different plastics through the aid of chemical bridging agents. The heat compression technique mixes and loads tumblers and is capable of recycling any plastic. There are energy concerns on the highly mechanized process.
Recycle Plant Permit
There are rules and regulation guiding plastic recycle plants. The rules guide the development and infrastructure. There is also impact assessment and operation of the proposed plant.
The plastic recycle plan needs a land use permit and comply with environmental laws. Others are permit from local enforcement agency, state and local government. The permits are focus on environmental issues and compliance. The recycle center material is evaluated for residual content, sorting, location and process. 


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