How to Start a Biomass Energy Fuel Business

Biomass industry focuses on renewable energy through organic material, burning wood or recycled waste. Although there are issues of carbon emission it is considered legal.
The organic material is usually plant materials deployed to produce heat. They are combustible and convertible.
The process of converting biomass to fuel is through biochemical, chemical and thermal means. Plant biomass yields are found in commodity food crops like barley, agave, and grain. Woody crops include oil palm, trunks, fronds, while genetically modified verity is energy sorghum.
Supply Chain Issues
The business is moderately challenging because of supply chain issue. They are predicted on finance, logistics and technical issues. Others include organizational, regulatory, institutional, policy or social issues.
Types of Biomass Fuels
Biomass is basically organic material produced into renewable energy. The different categories of biomass are animal waste, wood fuels and solid waste.
The fuel density in this type of energy is significantly lower than fossil fuel. Sources of biomass in the United States of America are municipal waste, wood and biofuel ethanol.
In Africa, wood is the primary source for cooking than gas or kerosene. This makes the source of energy economically viable.
Wood is the largest biomass source in the energy industry. Other sources are yard waste, urban wood, agricultural residue and chemical waste.
We have animal waste, dedicated biomass crops, dry/ wet animal manure, mill residues, forestry residues. More credible sources include sewage sludge, poultry litter, soy, pellet fuel.
Biomass Sources
Wood fuel is an excellent source of biomass fuel and applicable to household use or technology. Wood fuel can generate electricity, steam or fire. Although the conversion rate is low compared to fossil fuel is scalable.
Wood fuel sources are logs, wood chips, sawdust, plywood, forest debris. Plant sources include corn, sugarcane, oil palm, hemp, sorghum, eucalyptus.
Top biofuel are processed from the sugars in sugarcane to produce Bioethanol. Bioethanol is ideal for the generation of electricity. More wood fuel are agricultural residue such as turnings, crop waste, orchid pruning.
Waste Energy
You get waste energy from landfill gas, municipal solid waste and manufacturing waste. Biomass can be converted to biogas, ethanol or biodiesel. This type of energy is applicable to transportation fuel. Another source for biodiesel is waste cooking oil obtained from restaurants.
How to Start a Biomass Energy Plant
Sourcing the Product
You need to find a credible source of biomass material. It depends on your geographical location and availability of the material. To find good sources carry out a feasibility study and contact suppliers. You can gather, repurpose the material for domestic or industrial use.
Lease Property
You need a large property and good storage facility for your raw material. You might decide to go into Bioethanol production or wood fuel production. The facility should have good access roads, located in commercial location, away from residential areas.
The type of equipment depends on the business template. Basic equipment includes machinery for heavy lifting like trucks, forklift and wheel barrows. You need a processing plant, weighing and packaging material.
Biomass Processing Consideration
Biomass processing involves civil, mechanical, construction of plant and provision for production equipment. You need technical maintenance, bulk procurement strategy and service technicians.


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