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Starting a Battery Manufacturing Business

The battery manufacturing industry produces re-chargeable and non-rechargeable batteries. The product has many applications such as powering automobile, phones and household electronics.
It works through an electro-chemical process to produce electrical energy. Lead acid batteries are popular in industrial applications while others are used in automobiles and electronic gadgets.
To start a battery manufacturing business you need to determine the size of the plant. Other things to consider is output, type of equipment and production line. Others are type of machinery, product certification, maintenance and funding.
Choose a Niche
Decide on a product type and application before launching the company. There are batteries for laptops, cars, trucks, touch lights and industrial machinery.
Hire qualified staff, and carry out research and development to produce quality products. You need an effective marketing strategy, accessible factory site and adequate power supply.
Types of Batteries
There are many types of batteries made by manufacturers. They come in different shapes and sizes. Common types include EV battery, Lithium-ion polymer battery and lithium-Ion battery.
  • EV battery
  • Lithium-ion polymer battery
  • Lithium-Ion battery.
Battery Manufacturing Equipment
You need good capital to purchase all the essential equipment used in the manufacturing process. The type of equipment depends on the size and scope of the operation.
You have locally fabricated equipment, semi-automated and fully automated. Large battery manufacturers develop the product through the use of an assembly line.
Battery manufacturing machinery includes pouch forming machine, mixing machine and stacking machine. Other equipment's are slitting machine, ultrasonic welding machine, tab welding machine and electrolyte filling machine.
More equipment’s are the coating machine, winding machine and roller press.
  • Pouch forming machine
  • Mixing machine
  • Stacking machine
  • Slitting machine
  • Ultrasonic welding machine
  • Tab welding machine
  • Electrolyte filling machine
  • Coating machine
  • Winding machine
  • Roller press
  • Grind casting
  • Paste mixing
  • Curing/drying
  • Cell assembly
  • Wrapping
  • buffing
Electrolyte Filling Machine
The electrolyte filling machine dispenses electrolyte to battery cells. The machine operates by executing injection by separating electrolyte and vacuum.
It is moderated by controlling the volume through the aid of precision pumps. The control part consists of vacuum pump knob, automatic operation and vacuum S/W .While the standardization of power is usually 220 V.
Winding Machine
The winding machines main function is to wind electronic plates and separators. The equipment consists of rotator part, automatic operation and core part.
Roll Press Machine
The roll press machine presses coated electrodes to different thickness. The general specifications include thickness control, adjusting switch, driving rollers and pressing rollers with finished heat treatment. The machine works via roller, pressurization, power supply and heat treatment.
Slitting Machine
The slitting equipment coats the separator during the production process. General specification includes slitting unit, Re-winding unit and feeding unit.
Others are unwinding, thickening, width and material. The machine uses tension control, edge control, shaft, rollers and main feeding drives. Other technical functions are slitting width, cutting quantity and knife unit quantity control.
Coating Machine
You could use an auto single or auto double coating machine. The equipment automatically applies coat to foil or separator.
It regulated the coating thickness by adjusting the gauge thickness. The equipment has the coating, drying and winding part.
Mixing Machine
The heating machine consists of pipe heater, tank and mixing blade. It uses vacuum pumps, slurry injection technology a digital temperature controller.
The Manufacturing Process
The manufacturing process goes through grid casting, paste mixing, pasting, curing and drying. Other processes are wrapping, grouping, containerizing and heat sealing.
It goes through thermal assembly, leak testing, acid filling and formation. The process continues with battery assembly, battery charging process, battery washing/drying, battery checking and date coding.
The Setup Costs
There are a few things to consider before setting up a battery manufacturing plant. Focus on a niche product, type of machinery and plant layout.
Others are installation, maintenance costs and cost per battery. The production capacity of your plant dictates the type of machinery you need.
 Automated full option equipment and integrated system will produce at optimum capacity. The equipment will periodically need maintenance and spare part replacement.
More cost consideration is labor, leasehold, infrastructure and factory equipment. You need heavy duty truck, utility, large storage facility, registration and licensing fees. To reduce costs operate full capacity, reduce overhead and reduce recurrent costs.

Source Funding
The business is capital intensive, so you need huge funds. You can approach an industry or trade bank for loans.
Secure long term loans with low interest rates and re-payment flexibility. You could sell startup equity to investors or find a core investor. Many governments support the manufacturing sector and offer subventions and low interest facilities.
Battery manufacturers are required to have ISO certification. You need a trade license and register the business as a limited liability company.
Battery producers need to follow strict guidelines on waste management and pollution control. Get liability insurance and personal identification tax number.
Manufacturers generally sell only to wholesalers. Offer wholesalers competitive prices and promotional discounts.
Use newspaper publications to attract small business owners interested in your product. Use lots of branding, television advertisement and radio jingles.

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How to Write a Tea Room Business Plan

Joy Teahouse
Executive Summary
Joy Teahouse is a limited liability company established in the Utah area. The main owners is John and Joy Baily who has a BSc in Catering and Hotel management. She has eight years’ experience in the restaurant and hotel management.
Her desire to provide high quality tea has transitioned to incorporating, owning and running a teahouse. Joy have worked in different teahouses and currently undergoing training as a nutritionist. Joy teahouse is poised to offer a full range of pastries, tea, coffee, tea accessories, biscuits and chocolates.
We will include novelty tea related items and gift packs. Joy is a master Tea tender with deep knowledge of Tea brewing techniques, storage and serving. We will train our staff in the various disciplines to provide top quality products and services.
The US tea market is huge and growing rapidly each year. Tea sales have increased over 150% with a proliferation of tea rooms services increasing 10%. US interest in tea has given rise to new establishments offering gourmet services and sit down services.
The customer base continues to increase with interest in hot and cold beverages in delightful ambiance coffee shops. We aim to provide a charming, relaxing and exclusive atmosphere with a wide array of products is our core value.
This will appeal to tourists, local populace and travelers. Our selected location is highly visible, accessible and in commercial area with huge traffic. The selected location has no competition and a fair distant from nearest teahouse.
We have put together a conservative sales forecast of $200,000 in first year with a net profit of $20,000 in first year. The initial investment for the teahouse is $20,000 and seeking 5 year loan of $60,000 to fund the startup.
Tea Room
Mission Statement
Our mission statement is to provide quality service and products to residents in the Utah area in a luxurious and relaxing atmosphere.
The main objective is to attain first year sales of $200,000 and maintain a reasonable margin. We seek operate a profitable chocolate and tea store and make reasonable net profit while operating with a maximum of three employees.
Keys to Success
The key to success requires adequate working capital and steady customer base. The location has no direct competition with the next teahouse several miles away. We will provide excellent service, good customer relations.
We will offer chocolates, premium tea and pastry products. We will serve both hot, cold teas and leaf loose tea, the teahouse will leverage on the vast experience of the managers.
         Adequate working capital
         Steady customer base
         Good location
         No direct competition
         Excellent service
         Good customer relations
         Choice chocolates, premium tea, pastry products
Company Summary
Joy Baily Teahouse is located in a commercial area with huge vehicular and human traffic. We will provide over 60 loose tea variants. The tea types include herbal teas, green teas, black tea, regular tea, fragrance tea, art tea.
We will sell loose tea and serve both cold and hot teas. The customers will enjoy our premium brands, baked products, chocolates and gift baskets.
Our choice location has a large population with historic charm and rural environment. The area is a good tourist destination for local, state and foreign visitors. The area features good tourist locations
Company Ownership
The business is incorporated as a limited liability company with Joy and John Baily co-owners.  John Baily and joy Baily each controls 50% of the business.
Joy is highly qualified with several years in teahouse establishments. She has experience in hotel management, catering and as a teatender. John Baily has a PHD in economics and accounting.
Startup Summary
Startup requirements includes inventory, equipment and rent. Others are interior decorations, marketing. Initial invest is $20,000 and we need $80,000. Therefore we seek $60,000 long term loan for a duration of 5 years.
Long Term Assets
The long termed assets are dishwasher $900, hot water/steam machine $1000. Assets include hardware $1000, appliances $1000, tea racks $2000 and refrigerated chocolate racks $3000.
Short Term Assets
Short term assets are furniture $6000, ice tea shakers $500 and coffee grinder $500. Expansion supplies are cleaning supplies, testing cups, tea balls and napkins.
Startup Requirements
The startup requirements are rent, insurance, legal and stationaries. Others include startup supplies, leasehold improvement, tea cups, tea pots and dishes. Startup expenses are long term assets, current assets, cash required and startup inventory.
Funding Requirements
Funding includes startup assets to fund and startup expenses to fund. Funding requirements are additional cash raised, non-cash assets. We have startup cash requirements.
The liabilities are owners, current borrowing, current liabilities, and long term liabilities.
Products and Services
Joy Teahouse specializes in the full teahouse experience. We offer premium teas, pastries, gift baskets, and chocolates. We have a huge assortment of teas with over 60 variants.
Our products are ideal for local, state and foreign visitors to our establishment. We seek to provide a luxurious memorable experience for patrons with our quality products and service.
Kind of Teas
We offer 60 kinds of tea that cover a cloudscape of tastes. Products include black tea, flavored tea, Ceylon, vanilla. Others include jasmine blend, chai, caffeine free herbal and green tea.
More are ginseng, fruit blends and chamomile. The teas are served hot, iced, cold or loose depending on the customer’s preference.
To support a total indulgence of the taste buds we offer different chocolate products. This include vegan chocolates, Dagoba, Godiva, Garrison and Scharffen Berger. We offer premium chocolates, chocolate gift baskets, dip chocolates and truffles.
We do not intend competing with mega coffee establishment and prefer carving our own niche. Our teahouse nice is tea and brew one kind of coffee ach day. This is to provide a choice for coffee lovers who visit our establishment.
To complement our tea we add a premium selection of pastry products. They will be freshly baked and made with quality ingredients. The product are outsourced from reputable bakeries to reduce cost of labor, equipment and utilities.
The small selection of pastries are scones, cakes, muffins and cookies. The provision of small pastries to accompany the tea is to provide a holistic experience.
Tea Paraphernalia and Gift Basket
We will invest in tea paraphernalia like books, artwork, and tea balls. Others include specialty teapots, decorative tea tins and tea related items. The gift baskets will be pre-made or ordered.
Market Summary
The American tea market is huge with a rapid growth of 150% each year. The number of gourmet coffee shops and tea rooms increase in same period. The American market are open to affordable beverages in relaxing shops.
A good example is Starbucks with an annual sale of $12 billion from tea. Our choice of location is in a commercial area with huge human traffic. The location is ideal for an upscale teahouse.
The Chocolate Market
Premium chocolate sales are estimated at 400 million in 2001. With a steady increase of 19% each year. The premium chocolate market accounts for 1.8 billion 2017.
Market Size
The market segmentation is between local populace, tourists and state travelers. The tourist industry is fast growing and generated $5.2 billion. Utah has a huge local population within the age group of 25 to 60.
Target Market
Marketing analysis show that potential customers are local residents and tourists. The target market are middle to upper class patrons who are willing to pay premium prices for high quality products.
 We will provide targeted advertisements and promotion to Utah residents. This is to encourage repeat patronage and consistent demand. We will provide training to staff, quality products and premium prices. We offer prestigious services for the middle and upper class.
Competitive Advantage
Our competitive advantage is the experience and knowledge of owners. We will liaison with high end tea farms and offer an array of premium chocolate. The location has no competitors, we strive to create quality products with good customer service.
Competitive Weakness
The teahouse market is highly competitive and moderately challenging. The weakness is awareness of new establishment and competition with established brands.
Marketing Strategy
The marketing strategy is to create awareness of our products and services. Our target market are people within the 25 to 60 year age bracket. Other marketing strategy is a visible location and extensive advertising.
Advertisement strategy includes local newspaper publications, flyers, local magazines and food reviews. We will use social media marketing and web advertisement.
Social marketing include tea tasting party, coupons. We will focus on storefront design to attract customers. The storefront advertisement are signboard with store name and logo. We will network with local hotels, guest houses, inns.
Sales Strategy
Our strategy is to provide upscale premium products and services. We will offer discounts to repeat customers to encourage regular patronage. We will organize tea tasting every month and serve an array of selected tea.
This is to establish customer’s preferences. Our sales strategy will also include targeting of special occasions like valentine, Christmas Mother’s Day and Easter celebrations.
Sales Forecast
Celebratory periods are expected to drive huge sales. We expect an average sales 0f $20,000 a month for first year.
Pricing of hot tea from $3 to $50, ice tea served in 12oz, 16oz $2 to 43. Pastry prices will range from 1 to 4 while chocolate 80 cents to 4. Gift basket prices range from $15 to $150 with expected average of $20.
Estimated sales Forecast for First year
The estimated sales forecast for forest year is chocolate $80,000, pastries $10,000. we expect sales of $50,000 hot teas, $20,000 iced teas and $4,000 gift baskets.
We also intend selling tea paraphernalia estimated at $3,000. The total yearly estimated sales $167,000.
Management Summary
Joy Teahouse is operated by John and Joy Baily, husband and wife. Joy manages, designs, customer relations and market products.
John handles the financials, inventory and accounting. Co-workers include teatender, cleaner, manager. The personnel are approximated to 3 employees. Payroll provisions are for owners and teatender.
Financial Plan
The main objective is to repay loans and cover expenses. Sales growth is expected to grow in second year. Long term assumptions are focused on current interest rate, tax rate and long term interest rate.
Break-Even Analysis
The break-even analysis is estimate on the average percentage variable cost and monthly revenue break-even.
Projected Profit and Loss and Expenses
The profit loss is predicated on direct sales. While expenses include payroll, marketing, promotions utility bills. Other expenses are rent, monthly disposable supplies, and payroll or taxes. The profit before tax are estimated on tax incurred, interest expense, net profit and dept

How to Start Pet Apparel Making Business

Americans spend over $68 billion annually on pet food, healthcare and apparels. This huge sum is because of pet dogs and cats estimated at over150 million.
The pet clothing industry is highly competitive and challenging. The investor needs proper training, operational license, sales, marketing and equipment. Other considerations are labor, rent, sourcing fabric, designs.
Learn the Trade
The making of pet apparel is a niche that requires specialized tailoring techniques. The apparels are measured, designed, cut and sewing to certain specifications. Most are customized while others mass produced for the pet market.
Popular apparels are made for dogs and cats. The tailor needs to source appropriate fabrics and equipment. Having a basic knowledge of sewing is an advantage.
It is mandatory to understand animal anatomy to create the apparels. Learn the trade through workplace experience, become an apprentice or hire an instructor.
Other ways include attending a vocational school or trade institution. The person can take an online course. Tutorials, attend seminars and workshops. More knowledge includes sales, marketing, bookkeeping, business accounting.
Pet Apparel
Pet Apparel Training
         Workplace experience
         Become an apprentice
         Hire an instructor
         Attending a vocational school
         Trade institution
         Take an online course
         Attend seminars
         Business accounting
Register the business as a limited liability company or sole proprietor. Secure a business name, insurance and tax identification. The products require branding, logo and good graphic design. Some original designs might require a patent.
         Limited Liability Company or Sole proprietor
         Secure a business name
         Tax identification
         Good graphic design
The pet apparel business is a billion dollar industry. There are many products and designs to consider. Popular products are hoody, rain jackets, regular jackets, sweaters.
Others are coats, shirts, shorts, wedding apparels, hats. More includes t-shirts, Halloween costumes, pajamas, ribbons and bow-ties. Tailors use high quality fabrics, innovative designs and detailing.
To beat the competition the products should have superior quality and finishing. High fashion couture attracts premium prices and are in high demand. To increase income add products like custom pet carriers, feeders.
Pet Apparel Products
         Rain jackets
         Regular jackets
         Wedding apparels
         Halloween costumes
Things that affect price is cost of fabric, labor, rent and utility. Pet appeals attract premium prices in the market. Make sure the price is competitive and targeted to your preferred market.
Marketing and Advertisement
An effective marketing tool is branding the apparels. The company should have a unique name, logo and design. The brand name should depict high quality fabrics and designs.
A good marketing strategy is to develop advertisement using the animal subjects wearing the apparels. Hire an advertisement and marketing company including a professional photographer.
The target market are middle to upper class pet lovers. To attract patronage use television advertisement, radio and print. Print signboard, billboards, posters, banners and flyers.
Use word of mouth, social media platforms, and online resources. List the company in yellow pages, directories and build a website.
How to Promote the Business
         Television advertisement
         Use word of mouth
         Social media platforms
         Online resources
         Yellow pages
         Build a website
The equipment is used to sew the cloths. The investor should purchase are sewing machines, stitching machines and finishing machines. The manufacturer works with computer, printers and sketch pads.
         Stiching Machine
         Sewing Machine
         Finishing Machines
         Sketch Pad

How to Open a Cosmetology School

Opening any type of school is challenging because of securing an operational permit. The school should conform to state laws before granted permit. Other considerations are writing a comprehensive business plan and drafting a school constitution.
Others are recruitment of qualified teachers, rent, securing a business name. More are opening a business account, tax, furniture and infrastructure.
The owner needs to apply for insurance, purchase training tools, equipment and create awareness. It is capital and labor intensive. Here are some steps to establishing a cosmetology school.
cosmetology school
Things to Consider before Starting a Cosmetology School
         Securing an operational permit
         Writing a comprehensive business plan
         Drafting a school constitution
         Draft a curriculum
         Recruitment of qualified teachers
         Rent or purchase property
         Securing a business name
         Opening a business account
         Tax identification number
         Purchase furniture
         Add infrastructure
         Purchase training tools
         Create awareness
Cosmetology School Business name and incorporate
The school should be a legal entity so you need to incorporate. Make sure you check the availability of the school name. Incorporate the school as a limited liability company and get all forms of insurance.
The school needs state or federal certification and a license to operate. To acquire the license it should conform to school establishment laws and guidelines. Apply and obtain a tax identification number and draft an employee handbook.
         Check the availability of the school name
         Limited Liability Company
         Get liability insurance
         Apply for a license or permit
         Obtain a tax identification number
         Draft an employee handbook.
Open a Corporate Account
The schools account should be separate from your individual account. Open a corporate account with any reputable commercial bank in your country.
Write a Business Plan
It is important to write a cosmetology school business plan. The carry out a feasibility study and survey. The plan should cover every aspect of the business from funding, staff, infrastructure and curriculum.
Make sure you find a good location and plan the layout. The school can occupy its own plots or rent a commercial premises. The location should be accessible and conducive for learning. Basic utilities are required such as electricity and water.
Tutorial Services
The school should offer a broad based program to meet regulatory accreditation standards. Courses include basic, intermediate and advanced cosmetology. The school can offer accredited certificate or diploma courses.
Different Sources of Income
The main source of income is from tutorial, admissions and course fees. Other sources are retail of books and materials. Others are seminars, foundation classes, sales of beauty products.
         Admissions fees
         Course fees
         Retail of books and materials
         Foundation classes
         Sales of beauty products
Pricing Strategy
The pricing strategy is based on prevailing prices in the industry. Study the competitions prices, business structure, courses. Make sure the prices are affordable and accommodate your target students. The choice of location, teacher’s wages, equipment, insurance, loans also affects the fees.
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Peanut Butter Business Plan

business plan
Peanut butter is a delicious snack loaded with nutrients and immense business potential. Initiating a peanut processing factory requires a good business plan and feasibility study.
 It is a veritable income generating source for new and established entrepreneurs. Small food processing units offer room for innovation, product branding and experimentation.
The manufacturer needs to focus on quality, production methodology, appearance and taste. The major investment in peanut butter production is the machinery.
 Equipment include peanut maker, grinding, processing machinery. To access funds and develop a business strategy you need a comprehensive business plan. Here are a few ideas on how to write a peanut butter business plan.
Business Plan
The business plan usually starts with an executive summary. Then you follow up with the type of product, market and financial considerations. Summarize the objective, success determinant, organizational structure, and mission.
Executive Summary
The production of high quality gourmet peanut butter is the company’s priority. Each jar contains healthy ingredients to enhance the taste and flavor of the product.  The production process guarantees competitive pricing and marketability.
The Product
The product has a unique blended taste different to jars obtainable in the market. Funding is provided for product development, testing and extensive research.
The gourmet blend includes dried fruits, granola, chocolate chips including other flavors. The appearance of the jar, packaging, label and brand name are uniquely designed to attract discerning people.
The product is produced in different varieties to accommodate different tastes and preferences. High quality ingredients and raw material constitute the different elements that create the unique product.
Peanut butter snack production attracts a billion dollar revenue world wide. There is huge potential for local markets and exportation.
There are many major branded competitors producing peanut butter. However the uniqueness of the product should carve a niche and attract huge patronage.
Peanut butter competes with other snack food in relation to sales and production. Meeting the demand requires an effective marketing strategy and many sales outlets.
Targeting a certain demography and age group would provide the competitive advantage over large manufacturers. Sales outlets include local produce stands, supermarkets and shopping malls. Other outlets are local distributors and local grocery stores.
Financial Considerations
The peanut butter business will be financed through savings and loans instruments. You can also fund the enterprise through owner’s equity, family, friends and partner investors.
This will provide startup capital to purchase fixed assets and working capital. With adequate marketing there would be a significant increase in sales and market share.
The funding will go towards procurement of peanut butter grinders and other equipment. Fund spending includes lawyer fees, insurance website development, payroll including sales and marketing.
Business Description
The business is to provide a unique affordable product. The focus is originality, product branding and demography targeting.
Marketing opportunities involve teen engagement, fun activities and promotions. The premium brand with unique taste and quality is geared for prominence in niche market.
The projection over three year’s operation includes profitability within one year. Other parameters are product development, product penetration and expansion. The small business will increase number of products and focus on niche market.
The mission is to build a top brand geared towards profitability. Quality, local distribution networks are the key to success. The company will aggressively pursue cost analysis, produce quality products and manufacture high end peanut butter.
Target Audience
The target is teenagers and young generation.  Other targets for the product include suburban moms and unique item shoppers. Future markets to sustain focus are housewives, mothers and teenagers.
Major Competitors and Competitive Advantage
There are lots of huge players in the peanut butter business. Small snack food items are a major attraction to brand manufacturers.  
The competitive advantage for small manufacturers is closer to the pulse of the customers and quicker delivery. Differentiating your product through branding, unique taste and flavor provides the advantage.
Marketing strategy will focus at trending topic and emotionally driven publicity. The packaging although attractive encompassed simplicity and elegance.
pea nut butter
The peanut butter will have a taste profile unavailable in the market. The gourmet product will feature richly blended ingredients to create a unique taste.
The product could be spread on bread or eating from a jar. The rich blend of flavors adds to the uniqueness of the product.
The production of a few variations is primarily to meet different tastes and provide choice. Developmental stages are small batch production then full scale due to increased demand.
Adequate provisions are made for expansion and maximization of existing equipment. Product features include a good combination of wholesome ingredients
Organization and Management
The management team consists of a chief executive officer and founder of the business. Other staffs are marketing department, sales and machinery operators. The ownership structure depends on the incorporation and investors.
Marketing and Sales Strategy
Marketing involves targeted a demography and grass root campaigns. The programs will focus on youth development, entertainment and sports.
The use of aggressive advertisements through electronic and print media is important to the growth of the enterprise. The use of online resources and platforms such as social media will also take priority.
 Cost implications include equipment and machinery, marketing, legal fees and web development. Other cost considerations are label, product development, raw materials and utilities.
Projected Income
 The projected income depends on the response and market penetration. The primary goal is increased sales and productivity while maintaining profitability. 
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