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How to Enlist in the US Military

There are certain criteria a person needs to join in the U.S. military. They should have good moral standards, physical attributes, aptitude and determination. They should talk to a recruiting officer and visit a military entrance processing station.
Personal Criteria
         Good moral standards
         Physical attributes
US Military
The person must be a US citizen, have a green card and the right qualifications. Other considerations are Non-citizens currently living in America or non-citizens with English fluency in speaking, reading and writing.
The individual should be in good health, 17 to 40 years old. Basic educational qualification are high school diploma and a pass in the armed service vocational aptitude battery test. To join the officer’s rank you need a college degree.
Educational Qualification
         High school diploma
         College/University degree
         Pass SVAB test
What Disqualifies You
There are many things that will disqualify the candidate. If the candidate does not have the basic educational qualification of high school diploma.
Others are having a criminal record, age, bad morals, medical issues or mental health problems. A recruiter may ask the command for a waiver, however there are no guarantees.
Disqualification Conditions
         Moral attitude
         Low level of education
         Criminal record
         Age less than 17 older than 40
         Mental health issues
         Medical issues
US Military
Military Service
It is important to know the different arms of the military. The different arms are the Coast Guard, Marine Corps, Navy, Army and Air force.
The air force has the reserves, National Guard and active duty. The army has the reserves, active duty and National Guard. The navy and Coast Guard have the Active duty and reserve
Military Formations
         Coast Guard – Reserve and Active Duty
         Marine Corps – Reserve and Active Duty
         Navy – Reserve, Active Duty
         Army – National Guard, Reserve, Active Duty
         Air force – National Guard, Reserve, Active Duty
How to Become a Military Office in US
To become a military officer you need adequate qualification and training. The individual should have a college or university degree. Commissioned officers are trained in the US service academies.
The academy offers free boarding, tuition and students are remunerated. Top five are military academy, naval academy, coast guard academy, air force academy and merchant marine academy.
You can earn an officers commission to the reserve officer training corps or officer candidate school direct commission from enlisted ranks.
How to Enter the Academy
Acceptance into the academy is through nomination. Apart from the Merchant Marine academy others require nomination from a US senator, US representative, vice president of US.
Enlistment Process
The first step is to contact a recruiter for the department of defense serve branch.
Step 1
The steps involve taking the armed service vocational aptitude battery test. The test is either computer based or pen and paper exam.
The test duration is three hours and are science, writing, English and Math’s. The result would determine the career path best suited for the individual.
Step 2
The person needs to pass a physical examination. The examination includes hearing, vision, height and weight.
Others are drug, alcohol and blood/urine test. The medical history of the person including specialized tests if required. There are also joint maneuvers and muscle group.
Physical Examination
         Blood and urine test
         Medical history
         Specialized tests
         Joint maneuvers
         Muscle group
Step 3
Career selection is discussed with a service enlisted counselor. This is based on your results, job availability and physical requirements.
Others are recruitment preferences, ASVAB score and service needs. The enlistment counselor explains enlistment agreement, recruitment provisions and commitment.
Career Selection
         Job availability
         Physical requirements
         Recruitment preferences
         ASVAB score
         Service needs
Step 4
On determination of recruitment career determination the individual takes an oath of enlistment. The oath generally states defense of US, obey constitution and uniform code.
Step 5
The branch or job assignment will determine the next step. The recruit completes MEPS test and reports for basic training. There is also the delayed entry program DEP

Biotechnology: How to Start Biotechnology Business in Singapore

Biotechnology uses living organisms in a biological system for product applications. The systems encompass different science disciplines such as gene technology, genomics and immunology. The science is related to other fields such as bio-manufacturing, bioengineering, molecular engineer and molecular biology.
The technology is applicable to the development of pharmaceutical drugs and food production. They use tissue culture, artificial selection, genetic engineering to achieve their product. The aim is to improve value in agriculture, consumables and medicine.
Biotechnology is based on research, test, development, exploitation, extraction technics that a biological.
Biotechnology in Singapore
Singapore has grown in recent years as a top location for biotechnology. This was achieved because of heavy investment in the sector by the Government. With an initial investment of 6 billion dollars and additional 16.1 billion the industry is well positioned for greater achievements.
World leading pharmaceutical companies have found a good partner in Asia. This has significantly increased employment and further investment in the sector. The industry has contributed a huge 5% GDP in 2011. 
Key to Success
Key success of bio-technology in Singapore is inflow of foreign investment. Many small startup companies, research institutions and universities are benefiting from the foreign interest. Although public sector research funding is low, international scientists have on the increase.
Biotechnology Startups
The industry is driven by government, private and foreign investors. First private startup in Singapore is Lynk Biotechnologies. The company was funded with $2 million dollars seed money.
It was established by Professor Lee Chee of the National University of Singapore. One of its major achievements was in the field of cancer research. Some other notable companies are ES Cell International, PhytoProtein Biotech Pte Ltd and Biotech International Ltd.
Biotechnology Products
The technology is used in crop production, healthcare, non-food and agriculture. The technology is applicable to waste treatment and recycling. Others are biological weapons, degradable plastics, vegetable oil and pesticides.
It is used in the production of vaccines, antibiotics, beer making, development of hormones, antibodies. Other products include pharmaceutical drugs and to produce genetically modified crops.
Biotechnology Uses
         Crop production
         Waste treatment
         Biological weapons
         Degradable plastics
         Vegetable oil
         Production of vaccines
         Beer making
         Development of hormones
         Pharmaceutical drugs
         Produce genetically modified crops
An investor interested in biotechnology requires huge funds. The funds could be sourced from grants, government subventions or angel investors. The person can approach a commercial bank, find a core investor.
         Government subventions
         Angel investors
         Commercial bank
         Core investor
The team should consist of bio technologists, industrial professionals and international scientists. Others are academic scientists, business investors and young scientists. Other staff requirements are marketing, accounting and finance professionals.
         Bio technologists
         Industrial professionals
         International scientists
         Academic scientists
         Business investors
         Young scientists
         Finance professionals
Write a Business Plan
The first step is to write a business plan and carry out a feasibility study. The plan should focus on business structure, funding, growth potential and equipment.
There are patent laws, incorporation and business name registration. Others are tax, liability and health insurance. There are also safety protocols, bio-hazard laws and guidelines. It is important to have ready to use intellectual property license.
         Patent laws
         Limited Liability Company
         Business name
         Liability and health insurance
         Safety protocols
         Bio-hazard laws
         Intellectual property license
Products that pass extensive testing are scalable. The product will determine the type of marketing.Owning your own swim business

Owning Your Own Swim Business

 A swim business is ideal for former swimmers with lots of experience and a perfect match for former swim coaches. The person can start the business from scratch, buy an existing business or join a franchise.
Make sure the facility offers high quality swimming pools, coaching and equipment. Leverage on innovative designs, technology and qualified instructors. To succeed you need passion, love for the sport, funding and a good business model.
Franchise Opportunities
A franchise opportunity provides support for new investors. They offer step by step guide, training and support. Some franchise optimizes result through the use of video analysis and pool system.
How to Build your Business
You need to write a business plan and carry out a feasibility study. Make sure the location is ideal and easily accessible. Study zoning requirements and government regulations for such establishments.
To improve services use software analysis, learn instructional techniques and procedures. Make sure the pools are specially designed to maximize the space.
Study the layout use promotional to drive traffic to the facility. Your operational standards should be high and at par with your competitors.
The business should offer individualized teaching for different ages. The scope of services includes professional training for competitive athlete and beginner classes.
Services to offer includes video analysis, pool system, aquatic training. You can sell swim merchandize, offer community activities and lessons.
Swim School Services
         Individualized teaching for different ages
         Professional training for competitive athlete
         Beginner classes
         Video analysis
         Pool system
         Aquatic training
         Sell swim merchandize
         Offer community activities
How to Start a Swim School
To operate a swim school there are legal implications and safety concerns. The schools should be certified with professional instructors. You can operate from a facility or offer outside jobs. Places to offer your services are theme parks, public pools and beaches.
Who can start the Business?
The business is perfect for people with passion for swimming. Knowledgeable people with perquisite skill and knowledge of the industry.
The job is to offer swim coaching, techniques and safety tips. A typical day involves lessons to people of different age groups. Teach aspiring professionals, swim teams, College and High school students.
Client Base
Your client base are both professional and young students. Offer swim coaching for children in your community, single or group lessons. You can offer private lessons and sell merchandise.
         Professional athletes
         Young students
         Single or group lessons
         Aspiring professionals
         Swim teams
You can run the business yourself and hire appropriately. A smart way to reduce cost is leasing equipment and pools.
The legal requirement include a swim instructor certification or license. The certificate should be from a recognized government agency.
It is important to acquire a state permit, secure a business name and register the company. It can be a sole proprietor or limited liability company. Other requirements are liability release form, legal agreement and operational permit.
         Swim instructor certification or license
         State permit
         Business name
         Register the company
         Sole proprietor or Limited Liability Company
         Liability release form
         Legal agreement
         Operational permit
Earning and Expenses
The cost depends on the type of service rendered. Group or individual sessions attract $50 to $ 100 an hour. Offer discounts, competitive pricing and joint classes to reduce cost.
The expenses depend on rent, utilities, transportation and insurance. The major expense is transportation and advertisement.
Attract customers through print and electronic media. Print flyers, posters, banners, business cards and billboards. Use social media, create a website, direct mail and community based activities.

Start your Own Shoe Company

Shoes are essential for comfort, safety and as a fashion accessory. They come in different sizes, shapes and functionality.
The application of the footwear depends on the design and material used in the manufacture. Billions of footwear is sold worldwide yearly making the industry highly lucrative.
To enter the industry you choose between manufacturing, wholesale or retail. The manufacturer produces the shoes and sells to wholesalers/retailers or directly to consumers.
Shoe Making Company
To run a shoe making company you need moderate startup funding. You could run a small scale enterprise or decide on automation.
The manufacturer creates a design and uses a template to make the footwear. They use basic tools, semi-automatic or automatic equipment. Large companies invest in conveyor powered production.
To establish the factory you need adequate warehouse space for equipment, van, factory workers and company registration. To succeed the manufacture should network with wholesalers and departmental store.
Shoe Types
There are hundreds of shoe types based on the design and material used in the process. Common shoe types are ballet shoes, Chelsea boot, derby shoe and high heeled footwear. Others are slip-on shoes, loafers, sneakers and fashion boot.
  • ballet shoes
  • Chelsea boot
  • derby shoe
  • high heeled footwear
  • slip-on shoes
  • loafers
  • sneakers
  • fashion boot.
Shoe Wholesale, Retail Business
The wholesale needs to find a credible source for the product. They network with manufacturers and sell to retailers or general public.
 As a wholesaler you need a shop with adequate storage facility. Select quality or popular brands, purchase a delivery truck and register the business.
The job description is to buy in bulk and the move volumes rapidly.  They earn income based on small margins. 
Types of Shoe Businesses
  • Wholesale
  • Retail
  • Manufacturing
  • Affiliate Programs
Shoe Retailers
Sell directly to consumers and make money on margins. The retailer needs a commercial store, lots of advertisement and store branding.
To reach customers the store should be located in a commercial area with heavy human traffic. The retailer needs to determine the preferred customer demography.
You could stock female shoes male shoes or both. The price and quality of your stock determines the appropriate store location.
Steps to Establishing Your Own Shoe Company
Choose a Business Name
It is essential you choose a memorable business name. Make sure the name has the keyword element of your products.
Register the business as a limited liability company or sole proprietorship. Obtain a tax identification number and value added tax.
The shoes generally attract sales tax and insure the company. You need a trade licenses and manufacturers license if you go into production. It is essential you join shoe making associations in your locality.
Write a Business Plan
Write a shoe company business plan and carry out a feasibility study. The plan should focus on niche industry, startup funding, location, and business structure.
List your management team, mission statement, vision, goals, profit/loss and products. Use the feasibility study to evaluate your competitors. Understand their business model, customer demography and types of product the stock.
Manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers depend on their network to succeed. The value chain can only work if each sector performs their basic functions.
A retailer can find wholesalers through directories, yellow pages and other online resources. Same applies for wholesalers looking for manufacturing partners.
Some retailers prefer going abroad to shop for footwear. They purchase the items from established stores and import the goods.
Build a Website
You will double your sales if you have an online presence. Millions of shoes are sold through ecommerce websites.
Build an ecommerce store and include images of your products. Make sure the website has a shopping cart for online orders. You could stock the shoes in your store and ship to customers around the world or locally.
Another format is selling shoe through a third party arrangement. You don’t have physical assets but sell through an affiliate arrangement.
You earn very small commissions on every purchase made through your website within 30 days. The provider also performs the drop shipment of the purchased shoe.
Shoe Making Equipment
Shoe makers use a variety of equipment to manufacture the product. The equipment are either manually operated or semi/fully automated.
Basic equipment’s are splitting machine, skiving, cutting and sewing machines. More are die-cutting machine, scissors, steel rule cutting dies, finishing, sanding and polishing.
Leather sewing machines include Post machine, harness stitcher and cylinder bed. Cutting, splitting, skiving machines are trimmer, leather splitter and Fortuna Skiver. Construction/repairs include shoe patch open arm, baser Lock Stitch and chain stitch.
  • skiving
  • scissors
  • steel rule cutting dies
  • finishing
  • sanding
  • polishing
  • Post machine
  • Harness stitcher
  • cylinder bed
  • skiving machines
  • trimmer
  • leather splitter
  • Fortuna
  • Skiver
  • shoe patch open arm
  • baser Lock Stitch
The shoe industry is highly competitive and challenging. You need serious marketing to attract customers.
First make sure your store is very visible and in commercial area. Use traditional print media such as flyers, billboards, sign boards and business cards. Use classified websites, popular fashion magazines, and teen magazines.

How to Become an Appliance Repair Technician

An appliance technician repairs, maintains and installs equipment. The technician could gain employment or establish a small business.
They perform house calls, repair appliances, delivery service and scheduled maintenance. The field is broad and has may sub sectors such as electrical maintenance and appliance maintenance.
How to Become an Appliance Repair Technician
Types of Appliance Repair Jobs
There are a huge number of appliances that need repair. The appliances include radios, televisions, refrigerators and washing machines.
More are Electric cookers, electric irons, stoves, washers, and dryers. There are lots of vocational training schools that offer tutelage in carpentry, electrical wiring, and plumbing. You find courses in appliance repair, crafts, networking and combustion.
appliance repair
Common Appliances
  • Radios
  • Televisions
  • Refrigerators
  • washing machines
  • electric cookers
  • electric irons
  • stoves
  • Washers, and dryers.
Electrical Repair and Maintenance
 Electrical repair and maintenance covers application installation, repair, and heating. Others are precision metal working, air conditioning, refrigerator maintenance and vehicle repair.
Seek Training
The technician could learn on the job or seek vocational training. Learn through online courses, websites, a community college or technical school.
Increase the knowledge by attending seminars, workshops and apprentice programs. Read technical books, e-books, tutorials and manuals.
College of technology study includes non-degree certificate course work. Universities offer Undergraduate courses and present grandaunts with an associate bachelor’s degree.
  • learn on the job
  • seek vocational training
  • online courses
  • websites
  • community college
  • technical school
  • attend seminars
  • workshops
  • apprentice programs
  • Read technical books
  • e-books
  • tutorials and manuals
Career Requirements
An appliance technician should be certified or posses a degree. Other requirements are ability to troubleshoot, and pass mechanical aptitude.
They should have excellent written, verbal and communication skill. It is essential you pursue continuity education to remain abreast of fast changing trends.
  • Certified
  • posses a degree
  • good ability to troubleshoot
  • pass mechanical aptitude
  • excellent written
  • verbal
  • communication skill
Appliance Repair Technician Licensing
The person should posses a GED or high school diploma. They need regular vocational training and appliance specific certification.
You have the national society of certified electronic technicians and national appliance service technician certification. Other requirements are no criminal record and a current driving license.
  • GED
  • high school diploma
  • vocational training
  • appliance specific certification
  • Driving license.
Finding Jobs
Look regularly at newspaper advertisements and online portals. There are many job search aggregators for qualified professionals. You could signup with an employment agency or start a small business. 

How to Start an Aquarium Maintenance Business

Starting an aquarium maintenance and installation business is interesting. The business comes with various challenges such as marketing, quality supplies and adequate training. 
The specialty field is practicable full/part time. To start the business you need adequate funds and knowledge of the industry.
You should hire qualified staff, purchase a van and installation equipment. Here are a few ideas on how to start an aquarium maintenance business.
How to Start an Aquarium Maintenance Business
Write a Business Plan
The first step is to write an aquarium maintenance business plan. Then carry out a survey and feasibility study. Determine the services such as installation, maintenance and product sales.
Find an ideal location for the business or work from home. Raise funds through judicious savings or borrow from friends and family. You could apply for small loans from microfinance banks or thrift societies.
Aquarium Maintenance Equipment
To successfully carry out maintenance you need lots of equipment. Common equipment’s are specimen containers, razor scraper, TLF Aquastik coral epoxy, metal faucet adapters and algae pad.
Others include one hand towel, clamps, full towel, python water changer and gallon buckets. More supplies include X-acto knife, multiple tip syringe, razor, buckets with lids and label cords. More are trash bags, bulkhead wrench. Zip ties, siphon, gravel vacuum and TLF coraffix gel.
  • specimen containers
  • razor scraper
  • TLF Aquastik coral epoxy
  • metal faucet adapters
  • algae pad
  • one hand towel
  •  clamps
  • full towel
  • python water changer
  •  gallon buckets
  • X-acto knife
  • multiple tip syringe
  • razors
  • buckets with lids
  • label cords
  • small trash bags
  • bulkhead wrench
  • Zip ties
  • Siphon
  • gravel vacuum
  • TLF coraffix gel.
Aquarium Items to Sell
Stock a few products to sell to customers. Popular supplies are air stones, poly-filter, Seachem stability and AquaClear 110 impeller shaft.
More supplies are filter media bags, filter cartridges, aquarium salt, API AccuClear. More are New Life Spectrum foods, Acurel carbon pellets and filter catriges.
Home equipment includes test kits, buckets, refractor-meter and 33 gallon trash can.
Aquarium Supplies to Sell
  • air stones
  • poly-filter
  • Seachem stability
  • AquaClear 110 impeller shaft
  • filter media bags
  • filter cartridges
  • aquarium salt
  • API AccuClear
  • New Life Spectrum foods
  • Acurel carbon pellets
  • Filter cartridges.
Write a  Business Contract
Hire a layer to write a contract that covers terms of service. The contract should state categorically non liability for leaks, aquarium damage and equipment safety. If you own a website include privacy policy, terms and service, and disclaimer.
Register the business as a limited liability company against litigation or claims. You need a trade license, bonded and liability insurance.
 Apply for an employer tax identification number and open a business checking account. Track your working and fixed capital through judicious bookkeeping. Try to join an aquarium focused association in your locality.
Estimate your rates on scope of work and time spent on the project. The rates are also estimated on tank size, location and transportation costs.
Collect payment on completion of project or charge on an hourly, weekly or monthly rate. Installations should attract up front non refundable deposits of 50% of total cost.
Getting clients is very challenging in the aquarium business. You need lots of publicity and advertisement.
Use television adverts, radio and print media. Print flyers, posters, business cards, billboards and sign board.
Build a website and include services, high definition images, location and contact. Add a privacy policy, terms of service and About Us page.
Drive traffic to the site trough social media engagement and online advertisement. Use classified websites, directories and yellow pages.